Concho County, Texas

Concho County, Texas

The Concho County Courthouse in Paint Rock
Map of Texas highlighting Concho County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1879
Named for Concho River
Seat Paint Rock
Largest city Eden
  Total 994 sq mi (2,574 km2)
  Land 984 sq mi (2,549 km2)
  Water 9.9 sq mi (26 km2), 1.0%
  (2010) 4,087
  Density 4.2/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Concho County marker

Concho County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,087.[1] Its county seat is Paint Rock.[2] The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1879.[3] It is named for the Concho River.


Through the 1800s, Paleo-Indians lived in the county and left behind archaeological remains of a burned-rock midden. Athabascan-speaking Indians associated with the prehorse Plains culture live in this part of Texas. Later native inhabitants include Jumano, Tonkawa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.[4]

In 1847,John O. Meusebach sendt surveyors into the area.[4] In 1849, Robert Simpson Neighbors lead a small expedition through the area.[4]

The Texas Legislature formed Concho County from Bexar County in 1858.[4]

In 1874, Ranald S. Mackenzie led a campaign to drive out remaining native peoples and established the Mackenzie Trail.[4] The county seat was formally established and named Paint Rock after the nearby pictographs.[5] The Eden community was established in 1882.[6] In 1909, the community of Lowake community was established.[7]

Railroad Development

Railroads came to the county first in 1910, with the Concho, San Saba and Llano Valley railroad being completed to Paint Rock.[4] The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway is completed across the southeastern corner of the county in 1911,[4] and the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe railroad finished a line to Eden in 1912[4]

By 1930, the area had 449 owner-operated farms and 682 tenant operated farms, of whom 619 were sharecroppers.[4]

In 1940, Concho County became part of a soil-conservation district.[4] In 1985, the Texas Water Commission granted permission to impound 554,000 acre feet (683,000,000 m3) of water on the Colorado River at Stacy, to create the O. H. Ivie Reservoir.[8]

As of 1988, Concho County was the leading sheep-producing county in Texas.[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 994 square miles (2,570 km2), of which 984 square miles (2,550 km2) is land and 9.9 square miles (26 km2) (1.0%) is water.[9]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20154,081[10]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1850–2010[12] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, 3,966 people, 1,058 households, and 757 families resided in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,488 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.20% White, 0.98% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 8.93% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. About 41.33% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Of the 1,058 households, 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were not families. About 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was distributed as 16.10% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 38.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 181.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 209.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,313, and for a family was $36,894. Males had a median income of $20,750 versus $21,458 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,727. About 7.50% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.

Concho County has the highest gender ratio in the United States with 232 men to every 100 women. [14]




Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Standifer, Mary M. "Concho County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  5. "Paint Rock Pictographs". Texas Beyond History. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  6. "Eden, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  7. "Lowake, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  8. "O. H. Ivie Reservoir". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  9. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  10. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  11. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  12. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  14. "Concho County, Texas Gender Ratio". Retrieved 2015-12-20.

External links

Coordinates: 31°20′N 99°52′W / 31.33°N 99.86°W / 31.33; -99.86

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