Mitchell County, Texas

Mitchell County, Texas

The Mitchell County Courthouse in Colorado City
Map of Texas highlighting Mitchell County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1881
Seat Colorado City
Largest city Colorado City
  Total 916 sq mi (2,372 km2)
  Land 911 sq mi (2,359 km2)
  Water 4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 0.5%
  (2010) 9,403
  Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Veterans Monument in Mitchell County
Mitchell County Public Library

Mitchell County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 9,403.[1] Its county seat is Colorado City.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881.[3] It is named for Asa Mitchell and Eli Mitchell, two early settlers and soldiers in the Texas Revolution.

From 1921 to 1925, the Democrat Richard M. Chitwood of Sweetwater, represented Mitchell County in the state House. He left his post to become the first business manager of Texas Tech University, for which he had worked to establish in Sweetwater until the Lubbock site was chosen. He died in 1926 after a year as the business manager.[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 916 square miles (2,370 km2), of which 911 square miles (2,360 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5] Mitchell County contains two reservoirs, Lake Colorado City and Lake Champion.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20159,067[6]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,698 people, 2,837 households, and 1,997 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 4,168 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.52% White, 12.81% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.19% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 31.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,837 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.80% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 159.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 174.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,399, and the median income for a family was $31,481. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,043. About 15.00% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 20.90% of those age 65 or over.


See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  4. "Richard M. Chitwood". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  6. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  8. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.

External links

Coordinates: 32°18′N 100°55′W / 32.30°N 100.92°W / 32.30; -100.92

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