Schleicher County, Texas

Schleicher County, Texas

Schleicher County Courthouse in Eldorado
Map of Texas highlighting Schleicher County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1901
Named for Gustav Schleicher
Seat Eldorado
Largest city Eldorado
  Total 1,311 sq mi (3,395 km2)
  Land 1,311 sq mi (3,395 km2)
  Water 0.03 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
  (2010) 3,461
  Density 2.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 23rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Schleicher County Public Library in Eldorado

Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,461.[1] Its county seat is Eldorado.[2] The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1901.[3] It is named for Gustav Schleicher, a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician.[4]

Schleicher County is home to the YFZ Ranch, the reported new headquarters of the FLDS movement headed by Warren Jeffs.



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,311 square miles (3,400 km2), virtually none of which is water.[11]

Major Highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20153,211[12]−7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1850–2010[14] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 2,935 people, 1,115 households, and 817 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.59% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 18.98% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. 43.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,115 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,746, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $28,412 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,969. About 16.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.00% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.


FLDS Temple at the YFZ Ranch in Schleicher County


Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. Lyman Wight's Mormon Colony in Texas excerpt from "Mormon Trails" chapter in Hill Country travel guide by Richard Zelade. Accessed August 6, 2007.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Schleicher County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  6. Kessell, John L (1995). Kiva, Cross, & Crown: The Pecos Indians and New Mexico, 1540-1840. Southwest Parks & Monuments Association. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-877856-56-3.
  7. Kenner, Charles L (1994). The Comanchero Frontier: A History of New Mexican-Plains Indian Relations. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8061-2670-8.
  8. "Christopher Columbus Doty". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  9. "Eldorado, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  10. "West Texas Woolen Mills". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  11. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  12. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  13. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  14. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  15. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.

Coordinates: 30°54′N 100°32′W / 30.90°N 100.54°W / 30.90; -100.54

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