National Central City

National Central City
Simplified Chinese 国家中心城市
Traditional Chinese 國家中心城市

National Central City (simplified Chinese: 国家中心城市; traditional Chinese: 國家中心城市; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngxīn Chéngshì) was a concept proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China. The National Central Cities are described as a group of cities in charge of leading, developing, and performing tasks in political, economic, and cultural aspects.[1]

In February 2010, the ministry issued the "National Urban System Plan" and designated five major cities, Beijing and Tianjin in the Bohai Economic Rim, Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, and Chongqing in the West Triangle Economic Zone as the National Central Cities. In mid-2016 Chengdu was upgraded into National Central City.

The National Central Cities sphere of influence have great impact around the surrounding cities on modernizing and integrating services in fields such as infrastructure, finance, public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning. The ministry also makes mention of the Regional Central Cities including Shenzhen, Nanjing, Wuhan, Shenyang, and Xi'an.

List of the National Central Cities

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Total GDP
(2013 USD)
Per capita
(2013 USD)
Urban Population
Municipal Population
Economic Zone Region Subdivisions
Beijing 北京; Běijīng $318.10 billion $15,373 11,716,000 16,801.25 1,309.4 19,612,368 Bohai Economic Rim North List
Chongqing (Districts) 重庆; Chóngqìng(市辖区) $207.18 billion $7,047 8,420,200 38,490.0 2,158.0 28,846,170 West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Guangzhou 广州; Guǎngzhōu $248.61 billion $19,459 7,727,163 7,434.40 1,055.0 12,700,800 Pearl River Delta Economic Zone South Central List
Shanghai 上海; Shànghǎi $352.36 billion $14,862 12,030,644 7,037.00 3,298.3 23,019,148 Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone East List
Tianjin 天津; Tiānjīn $234.91 billion $16,623 6,825,105 11,760.00 1,044.4 12,938,224 Bohai Economic Rim North List


See also


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