Emmanuel Mounier

Emmanuel Mounier
Born (1905-05-01)May 1, 1905
Grenoble, France
Died March 22, 1950(1950-03-22) (aged 44)
Châtenay-Malabry, France
Alma mater University of Paris
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Personalism
Main interests
Christian democracy, metaphysics, theology
Notable ideas

Emmanuel Mounier (French: [munje]; 1 May 1905 – 22 March 1950) was a French philosopher, theologian and essayist.


Mounier was the guiding spirit in the French personalist movement, and founder and director of Esprit, the magazine which was the organ of the movement. Mounier, who was the child of peasants, was a brilliant scholar at the Sorbonne. In 1929, when he was only twenty-four, he came under the influence of the French writer, Charles Péguy, to whom he ascribed the inspiration of the personalist movement. Mounier's personalism became a main influence of the non-conformists of the 1930s.

Peter Maurin used to say wherever he went, "There is a man in France called Emmanuel Mounier. He wrote a book called The Personalist Manifesto. You should read that book."

He taught at the Lycée du Parc at Lyon and at the Lycee Francais Jean Monnet at Brussels.

Although Mounier was critical of the Moscow Trials of the 1930s, he has been taken to task by the historian Tony Judt, among others, for his failure to respond critically to the excesses of Stalinism in the postwar period.[2]

Mounier once commented in a restrained manner, on the Pope's "silence" concerning the persecution of the Jews by the Nazi regime; thus, he is cited in the bibliography on Pope Pius XII as indirectly originating the "black legend" of Pius XII.[3]


See also


  1. 1 2 R. William Rauch, Politics and Belief in Contemporary France: Emmanuel Mounier and Christian Democracy, 1932–1950, Springer, 2012, p. 67.
  2. Judt, Tony. Past Imperfect: French Intellectuals, 1944–1956 (2011, New York University Press).
  3. The Black Legend of Pius XII Was Invented by a Catholic: Mounier
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