Nong Zhuang language
Nong Zhuang (Chinese: 侬壮语) is a Tai language spoken in Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, China. In Wenshan Prefecture, it is spoken in Yanshan, Guangnan, Wenshan, Maguan, Funing, Xichou, and Malipo counties, and also in Honghe Prefecture and Vietnam. The heaviest concentrations relative to other Zhuang groups are in Xichou (96% of total Zhuang population) and Malipo (90% of total Zhuang population) counties (Johnson 2011a:43).
Below are various names (both autonyms and exonyms) for the Nong Zhuang people (Johnson 2011a:43).
- pu Nong (濮侬)
- pʰu˧˩ nɔŋ˧, pʰu˨ nɔŋ˦
- Nongzu (侬族) or Nongren (侬人)
- Long (龙)
- bu Tei
- Bendi (Chinese: 本地 ‘indigenous’)
Johnson (2011a) gives the following subdivisions for the Nong Zhuang peoples.
- Dao Nong (道侬), or Nong Dau (nɔŋ˦ taːu˥): Guangnan County
- Niang Nong (仰侬), or Nong Nyeng (nɔŋ˦ ɲɛŋ˨); also called the "Green Nong" (青侬): along the Chouyang River (畴阳河) in Xichou and Malipo counties.
- Du Nong (赌侬), or Nong Du (nɔŋ˦ tu˧˩): along the Duzhou River (赌咒河) in Maguan County.
- Ting Nong (厅侬): along the Puting River (普厅河) in central Funing County (Xinghua 兴华, Banlun 板仑 and Guichao 皈朝 Townships)
- Jin Nong (锦侬), or Nong Jing (nɔŋ˦ tɕiŋ˨˦); also called the "Upper Nong" (上方侬): northeastern Wenshan County and Yanshan County.
Pyang Zhuang (or Fuping Zhuang 扶平壮), a Central Tai language variety closely related to Nong Zhuang, is spoken in Fuping Township 扶平乡, Debao County, Guangxi.
- Nong Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Nong Zhuang". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- You Weiqiong [尤伟琼]. 2013. Classifying ethnic groups of Yunnan [云南民族识别研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
- Johnson, Eric C. 2011a. "The Southern Zhuang Languages of Yunnan Province’s Wenshan Prefecture from a Sociolinguistic Perspective." [Working paper]. S.l.: s.n. 49 pages.
- Johnson, Eric C. 2011b. "A Lexical and Phonological Comparison of the Central Taic Languages of Wenshan Prefecture, China: Getting More Out of Language Survey Wordlists Than Just Lexical Similarity Percentages." SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-005: 170.