Yang Zhuang language

Yang Zhuang
Native to China
Region Southwestern Guangxi
Native speakers
770,000 in China (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 zyg
Glottolog yang1286[2]

Yang Zhuang is a Tai language spoken in southwestern Guangxi, China, in Napo, Jingxi and Debao counties.

Li Jinfang (1999) suggests that the Yang Zhuang originally spoke the Buyang language, and later assimilated with other Tai-speaking peoples (See Buyang people#History).


Zhuang dialects given in the county almanacs of Jingxi County, Debao County, and Napo County are listed below. This region is also known as the "Dejing" 德靖 area. All names and statistics are from the local county almanacs (县志), as quoted in Jackson et al (2012). Note that these divisions are often ethnic rather than geographic. Thus, some "Yang" peoples may actually speak non-Yang Zhuang dialects, and vice versa. Jackson (2011) shows that most Yang dialects do indeed form a distinctive subgroup against Fu (also shown to be a distinctive subgroup) and Nong.

Variants with multiple names include:

Jingxi County

Below are the various Zhuang dialects of Jingxi County. The townships with which the most speakers of the dialect live in are also given. Only "Yang 仰" corresponds to Yang Zhuang.

Debao County

Zhuang dialects of Debao County are:

Napo County

Yang 央 dialects of Napo County are:

Non-Yang dialects and their distributions in Napo County are:

Notes and references

  1. Yang Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Yang Zhuang". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Nongshun 农顺 in Napo County
  4. Zhazhou 炸州 in Napo County
  5. Also referred to as Nong 农,侬 or Fu 府
  6. Yang 仰 in Jingxi County
  7. Different from Nong 农 (separate character)
  8. Zuozhou 佐州 in Jingxi County
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