Animal-free agriculture

Animal-free agriculture consists of farming methods that do not use animals or animal products.[1] Animal-free growers do not keep domesticated animals and do not use animal products such as farmed animal manures or animal parts (bone meal, blood meal, fish meal).[2] Emphasis is placed on using green manures instead.

Animal-free farming may use organic or non-organic farming techniques. However, most detailed discussions of animal-free agriculture currently focus on animal-free organic variants.[3]

See also


  1. "Introduction to veganics". Veganic Agriculture Network. 14 March 2010.
  2. Definition of 'stock-free' used within the Stock-Free Organic Standards p2
  3. Stock-Free Organic Services certifying organisation
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