1968 Tour de France
|Route of the 1968 Tour de France|
|Dates||27 June – 21 July|
|Stages||22, including four split stages|
|Distance||4,492 km (2,791 mi)|
|Winning time||133h 49' 42"|
|Winner||Jan Janssen (NED)||(Netherlands)|
|Second||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||(Belgium A)|
|Third||Ferdinand Bracke (BEL)||(Belgium B)|
|Points||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||(Italy)|
|Mountains||Aurelio González (ESP)||(Spain)|
|Combination||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||(Italy)|
The 1968 Tour de France was the 55th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 27 June and July 21, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4,492 km (2,791 mi). Eleven national teams of 10 riders competed, with three French teams, two Belgian teams and one from Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, and a combined Swiss/Luxembourgian team.
The 1968 Tour marked the first time the race end at the Vélodrome de Vincennes taking covering a distance of for the now-defunct Parc des Princes Velodrome, which served as the final stop from 1904 to 1967. The general classification was won by Jan Janssen, who overtook Herman Van Springel in the final time trial.
The teams entering the race were:
- France A
- France B
- France C
- Belgium A
- Belgium B
- Great Britain
- Switzerland/Luxembourg (combined)
Route and stages
|1a||27 June||Vittel||6.1 km (3.8 mi)||Individual time trial||Charly Grosskost (FRA)|
|1b||28 June||Vittel to Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourg)||189 km (117 mi)||Plain stage||Charly Grosskost (FRA)|
|2||29 June||Arlon (Belgium) to Forest (Belgium)||210.5 km (130.8 mi)||Plain stage||Eric de Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|3a||30 June||Forest (Belgium)||22 km (14 mi)||Team time trial||Belgium A|
|3b||Forest (Belgium) to Roubaix||112 km (70 mi)||Plain stage||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|4||1 July||Roubaix to Rouen||238 km (148 mi)||Plain stage||Georges Chappe (FRA)|
|5a||2 July||Rouen to Bagnoles-de-l'Orne||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||André Desvages (FRA)|
|5b||Bagnoles-de-l'Orne to Dinard||154.5 km (96.0 mi)||Plain stage||Jean Dumont (FRA)|
|6||3 July||Dinard to Lorient||188 km (117 mi)||Plain stage||Aurelio González Puente (ESP)|
|7||4 July||Lorient to Nantes||190 km (120 mi)||Plain stage||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|8||5 July||Nantes to Royan||223 km (139 mi)||Plain stage||Daniel van Ryckeghem (BEL)|
|9||7 July||Royan to Bordeaux||137.5 km (85.4 mi)||Plain stage||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|10||8 July||Bordeaux to Bayonne||202.5 km (125.8 mi)||Plain stage||Gilbert Bellone (FRA)|
|11||9 July||Bayonne to Pau||183.5 km (114.0 mi)||Plain stage||Daniel van Ryckeghem (BEL)|
|12||10 July||Pau to Saint-Gaudens||226.5 km (140.7 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Georges Pintens (BEL)|
|13||11 July||Saint-Gaudens to La Seu d'Urgell (Spain)||208.5 km (129.6 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Herman Van Springel (BEL)|
|14||12 July||La Seu d'Urgell to Perpignan||231.5 km (143.8 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jan Janssen (NED)|
|15||14 July||Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via to Albi||250.5 km (155.7 mi)||Plain stage||Roger Pingeon (FRA)|
|16||15 July||Albi to Aurillac||199 km (124 mi)||Plain stage||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|17||16 July||Aurillac to Saint-Étienne||236.5 km (147.0 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)|
|18||17 July||Saint-Étienne to Grenoble||235 km (146 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roger Pingeon (FRA)|
|19||18 July||Grenoble to Sallanches||200 km (120 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|20||19 July||Sallanches to Besançon||242.5 km (150.7 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jozef Huysmans (BEL)|
|21||20 July||Besançon to Auxerre||242 km (150 mi)||Plain stage||Eric Leman (BEL)|
|22a||21 July||Auxerre to Melun||136 km (85 mi)||Plain stage||Maurice Izier (FRA)|
|22b||Melun to Paris||55.2 km (34.3 mi)||Individual time trial||Jan Janssen (NED)|
|Total||4,492 km (2,791 mi)|
In the fifteenth stage, Raymond Poulidor was hit by a motor and had to give up. The Tour ended with a time trial, and before the time trial, Herman Van Springel was leading, followed by San Miguel at 12 seconds, Janssen at 16 seconds and Bitossi at 58 seconds. Janssen won the final time trial, with Van Springel in second place, but the margin was large enough for Janssen to win the Tour.
Both were removed from the race, suspended for one month and given a fine.
There were several classifications in the 1968 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification. The jersey for the points classification leader was red in 1968, unlike all other years since its introduction in 1953, when it was green.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification. The leader of the mountains classification, which had been calculated since 1933 but had never had a jersey, also became identifiable by a "macaron" on his jersey.
A newly introduced classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications. The leader was not identified by a jersey, but wore a "macaron" on their jersey.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1968, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps. The Switzerland/Luxembourg team finished with only two cyclists.
The combativity award was given to Roger Pingeon.
|1||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||133h 49' 42"|
|2||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 38"|
|3||Ferdinand Bracke (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 3' 03"|
|4||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||+ 3' 17"|
|5||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||+ 3' 29"|
|6||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Germany||+ 3' 46"|
|7||Lucien Aimar (FRA)||France B||+ 4' 44"|
|8||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||+ 4' 59"|
|9||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Spain||+ 5' 05"|
|10||Ugo Colombo (ITA)||Italy||+ 7' 55"|
|Final general classification (11–63)|
|11||Antonio Gómez del Moral (ESP)||Spain||+ 8' 11"|
|12||Georges Pintens (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 10' 26"|
|13||Aurelio González (ESP)||Spain||+ 10' 42"|
|14||André Poppe (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 12' 31"|
|15||Silvano Schiavon (ITA)||Italy||+ 14' 09"|
|16||Antoon Houbrechts (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 17' 23"|
|17||Charly Grosskost (FRA)||France B||+ 17' 26"|
|18||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 18' 02"|
|19||Flaviano Vicentini (ITA)||Italy||+ 18' 19"|
|20||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 18' 28"|
|21||Jean Dumont (FRA)||France C||+ 20' 08"|
|22||André Bayssière (FRA)||France C||+ 21' 30"|
|23||Vicente Lopez-Carril (ESP)||Spain||+ 21' 38"|
|24||Adriano Passuello (ITA)||Italy||+ 22' 01"|
|25||Carlo Chiappano (ITA)||Italy||+ 23' 42"|
|26||Arie Den Hartog (NED)||Netherlands||+ 29' 34"|
|27||Bernard Guyot (FRA)||France A||+ 30' 49"|
|28||Michael Wright (GBR)||Great Britain||+ 38' 53"|
|29||Carlos Echevarria (ESP)||Spain||+ 39' 27"|
|30||Julio Jiménez (ESP)||Spain||+ 39' 56"|
|31||Jean-Pierre Ducasse (FRA)||France B||+ 39' 58"|
|32||Jozef Huysmans (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 42' 28"|
|33||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||+ 43' 28"|
|34||Frans Brands (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 43' 29"|
|35||Karl Brand (SUI)||Switzerland/Luxembourg||+ 47' 56"|
|36||Dieter Puschel (FRG)||Germany||+ 48' 48"|
|37||Michel Grain (FRA)||France B||+ 49' 07"|
|38||Sebastian Elorza (ESP)||Spain||+ 52' 08"|
|39||Willy Spuhler (SUI)||Switzerland/Luxembourg||+ 58' 18"|
|40||Gilbert Bellone (FRA)||France B||+ 1h 04' 56"|
|41||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)||France A||+ 1h 07' 26"|
|42||Georges Chappe (FRA)||France B||+ 1h 08' 00"|
|43||Maurice Izier (FRA)||France C||+ 1h 10' 54"|
|44||Herbert Wilde (FRG)||Germany||+ 1h 11' 47"|
|45||Christian Raymond (FRA)||France A||+ 1h 13' 07"|
|46||Daniel Van Rijckeghem (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 1h 13' 31"|
|47||Jean Monteyne (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 1h 18' 21"|
|48||Serge Bolley (FRA)||France B||+ 1h 19' 15"|
|49||Marcel Maes (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 1h 21' 51"|
|50||Anatole Novak (FRA)||France A||+ 1h 33' 58"|
|51||Eric De Vlaeminck (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 1h 37' 42"|
|52||Eric Leman (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 1h 40' 48"|
|53||Edward Weckx (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 1h 41' 17"|
|54||Victor Nuelant (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 1h 43' 14"|
|55||Eddy Beugels (NED)||Netherlands||+ 1h 44' 21"|
|56||Evert Dolman (NED)||Netherlands||+ 1h 46' 50"|
|57||Willy In' t Ven (BEL)||Belgium A||+ 1h 47' 29"|
|58||Jean-Marie Leblanc (FRA)||France B||+ 1h 49' 36"|
|59||Jean-Louis Bodin (FRA)||France C||+ 1h 49' 50"|
|60||Remy Van Vreckom (BEL)||Belgium B||+ 1h 51' 12"|
|61||Mino Denti (ITA)||Italy||+ 1h 56' 47"|
|62||Vic Denson (GBR)||Great Britain||+ 2h 23' 29"|
|63||John Clarey (GBR)||Great Britain||+ 2h 43' 28"|
|1||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||241|
|2||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Belgium B||219|
|3||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||200|
|4||Daniel Van Rijckeghem (BEL)||Belgium A||167|
|5||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Belgium B||155|
|6||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||119|
|7||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||113|
|8||Georges Pintens (BEL)||Belgium A||95|
|9||Michael Wright (GBR)||Great Britain||92|
|10||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Germany||89|
|1||Aurelio González (ESP)||Spain||96|
|2||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||84|
|3||Julio Jiménez (ESP)||Spain||72|
|4||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||65|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Spain||57|
|6||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||50|
|7||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||30|
|8||Jean-Pierre Ducasse (FRA)||France B||28|
|9||Arie Den Hartog (NED)||Netherlands||26|
|10||Silvano Schiavon (ITA)||Italy||25|
|1||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||11|
|2||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||18.5|
|3||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||20|
|4||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||20.5|
|5||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||26|
|1||Spain||403h 47' 51"|
|2||Belgium A||+12' 12"|
|3||France B||+21' 45"|
|5||Belgium B||+25' 16"|
|6||France A||+44' 27"|
|7||France C||+46' 39"|
|10||Great Britain||+1h 53' 52"|
It was the last edition in which the cyclists participated in national teams; from 1969 on, commercial teams were used.
- "55ème Tour de France 1968" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 59.
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- Historical guide 2016, p. 109.
- "Laatste controles op doping negatief". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 23 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Fransman Samyn wegens doping uit de Tour". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 6 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Stablinski uit de Tour verbannen". De tijd (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 15 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Les maillots du Tour de France 1968" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. 27 August 2007. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 22 July 1968. p. 21. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
Media related to 1968 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons