Booker T. Washington National Monument

Booker T. Washington National Monument

Bust of Booker T. Washington by James Barnhill (artist), Booker T. Washington National Monument
Location Franklin County, Virginia, United States
Nearest city Rocky Mount, Virginia
Coordinates 37°7′24″N 79°45′57″W / 37.12333°N 79.76583°W / 37.12333; -79.76583Coordinates: 37°7′24″N 79°45′57″W / 37.12333°N 79.76583°W / 37.12333; -79.76583
Area 198.8 acres (80.5 ha)
Built 1856
Visitation 24,361 (2012[1])
Website Booker T. Washington National Monument
NRHP Reference # 66000834
VLR # 033-0001
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[2]
Designated NMON April 2, 1956
Designated VLR January 16, 1973[3]

The Booker T. Washington National Monument is a National Monument near Hardy, Franklin County, Virginia.[4] It preserves portions of the 207-acre (0.90 km²) tobacco farm on which educator and leader Booker T. Washington was born into slavery on April 18, 1856. It provides interpretation of Washington's life and achievements, as well as interpretation of 1850s slavery and farming through the use of buildings, gardens, crafts and animals.

Congress authorized a commemorative coin to fund the purchase of the site. This commemorative half dollar was the first US coin to feature an African American, and was minted from 1946 to 1951 at three different mints. 18 varieties of the coin were produced, and more than 1.5 million were sold (primarily to collectors). Yet, after the coin's production was finished, the BTW Commission owed more money than it had assets, and the Commonwealth of Virginia had to step in to provide funds to purchase the site.

The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966[2] and designated a National Monument on April 2, 1956.


  1. "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  2. 1 2 National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  4. "Booker T. Washington National Monument". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 18, 2013.

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