List of political parties in the United States
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Politics of the|
United States of America
This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.
Parties with federal representation
Current United States Congressional seats
|Political Parties||House of Representatives||Senate|
Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives
|Speaker of the House||Paul Ryan (R)|
|Majority Leader||Kevin McCarthy (R)|
|Minority Leader||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
Congressional leadership of the Senate
|President of the Senate||Joe Biden (D)|
|President Pro Tempore||Orrin Hatch (R)|
|Majority Leader||Mitch McConnell (R)|
|Minority Leader||Harry Reid (D)|
The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. It is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.
Parties with state representation
|Political Parties||State Lower Chamber Seats||State Upper Chamber Seats||Governorships|
|Vermont Progressive Party||9||5||0|
|Working Families Party||0||1||0|
|Conservative Party of New York State||1||0||0|
|Independence Party of New York||1||0||0|
Major political parties
A party that has "an independent state organization... in a majority of the states" is listed as a major party. An "independent state organization" is not to be confused with the organization of an Independent Democrat or Independent Republican.
|Political Party||States*||Founded in||Former Titles||International Affiliations|
|Democratic Party||50 + DC||1828||Progressive Alliance|
|Republican Party||50 + DC||1854||International Democrat Union|
|Libertarian Party||50 + DC||1971||International Alliance of Libertarian Parties, Interlibertarians|
|Green Party||44 + DC||1991||Association of State Green Parties||Global Greens|
|Constitution Party||23||1992||U.S. Taxpayers' Party|
Minor political parties
These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.
- Conservative Party of New York State
- Independence Party of New York
- Liberal Party of New York
- New York State Right to Life Party
- Rent Is Too Damn High Party
- Tax Revolt Party of Nassau County*
- Women's Equality Party
- Working Families Party of New York*
Northern Mariana Islands
- Constitution Party of Oregon
- Independent Party of Oregon
- Oregon Progressive Party
- Oregon Working Families Party
- Sovereign Union Movement, (Movimiento Unión Soberanista)
- New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico, also translated New Party for Progress of Puerto Rico (Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico)
- Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party, (Partido por Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Independence Party, (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)
- Worker's People Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido del Pueblo Trabajador)
U.S. Virgin Islands
- The following parties are no longer functioning.
These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.
- List of frivolous political parties
- List of political parties by country
- List of political parties in Puerto Rico
- List of state Constitution Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Democratic Party U.S.
- List of state Green Parties in the U.S.
- List of state Libertarian Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Republican Party U.S.
- Party system
- Political party strength in U.S. states
- Politics of the United States
- Third party (United States)
- Two-party system
- Nash, Howard P., Jr.; Schnapper, M. B. (1959). Third Parties in American Politics.
- Ness, Immanuel; Ciment, James (2000). The Encyclopedia of Third Parties in America. Armonk, NY, U.S.A.: Sharpe Reference. ISBN 0-7656-8020-3.
- Party Links
- Political Parties Timeline
- Ballot Access News
- Politics1 Directory of Candidates
- Independent Political Candidate Directory at IndeCan
- Educational quiz that matches policy answers to U.S. political parties