Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Sculpture of a Malay mortar crew displayed at Bukit Chandu
Established 15 February 2005
Location Bukit Chandu, Singapore
Website Official website

Reflections at Bukit Chandu is a World War II interpretive centre developed and managed by the National Archives of Singapore, located on Bukit Chandu (Malay for "Opium Hill") off Pasir Panjang Road in Singapore.

The centre was officially opened by Singapore's Deputy Prime Minister Tony Tan on 15 February 2002. This date also marks the 60th anniversary of the fall of Singapore in 1942.[1]


Reflections at Bukit Chandu

The building in which the exhibition is housed is a colonial-era black and white bungalow located near the site of the Battle of Pasir Panjang in February 1942.[2] It was built at the turn of the 20th century for senior British officers.

The building was restored to preserve its original structure and design, retaining the original style of arches and windows but altering the roof.


Bukit Chandu was one of the sites of the Battle of Pasir Panjang in February 1942 before the British surrendered Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February. The battle took place just two days before the surrender. The battle saw soldiers from the Malay Regiment led by British and Malay officers defending western Singapore, being forced to retreat onto the hill. For 48 hours, the Malay Regiment C Company and remnants from the 1st and 2nd Battalions engaged in one of the fiercest battles fought in Singapore. They were greatly outnumbered, and when they ran out of ammunition, they resorted to hand-to-hand combat to defend this hill. Many soldiers died on the hill. Those who survived were captured and massacred by the Japanese including 7th platoon, C Company, and 1st Battalion commander Lieutenant Adnan bin Saidi.[3]

The museum's exhibition gallery covers the history of World War II in Malaya, detailing the late 1930s socio-political climate of the Malay Peninsula, the Japanese's plans for invasion, and the British strategy for defending Malaya and Singapore. There are exhibits of photographs, maps and artefacts. The recruitment, training, principles, and values of the Malay Regiment are represented, including through documentaries commissioned by the National Archives of Singapore, World War II paraphernalia, and witness testimony from survivors.

Nearby attractions

The centre is connected to Kent Ridge Park via a canopy walk at tree-top level.


  1. "How S'pore marks the day". 8 February 2002. p. 50 via NewspaperSG.
  2. "Reflections at Bukit Chandu". National Heritage Board.
  3. Bay, Kristin (11 November 2006). "The Day Freedom Died". Today. Retrieved 6 April 2016 via NewspaperSG.
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