Lincoln Tunnel Expressway

Lincoln Tunnel Expressway
Route information
Length: 0.80 mi[1] (1.29 km)
NY 495 (unsigned)
Major junctions
South end: West 30th Street in Hudson Yards
North end: Lincoln Tunnel (NY 495) in Hell's Kitchen
Highway system
Map highlighting Lincoln Tunnel Expressway and extension onto West 30th Street
The expressway carries traffic to and from the portals of the south and center tubes of the Lincoln Tunnel

The Lincoln Tunnel Expressway is an eight block-long, mostly four-lane, north-south arterial road between the portals of the Lincoln Tunnel and West 30th Street in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Dyer Avenue is an at-grade roadway paralleling part of the mostly depressed roadway and serves traffic entering and leaving the expressway and the tubes of the tunnel. Like the tunnel, the roads are owned and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[2] They traverse the Manhattan neighborhoods of Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea between Ninth and Tenth avenues.[3]


Dyer Avenue at 36th Street crossing over the Lincoln Tunnel Expressway
The north-south roadway passes under crosstown streets in open cuts and tunnels

In 1937, a number of buildings in neighborhood were demolished to construct the 75-foot-wide (23 m) right-of-way of provide access to the first (now center) tube of the Lincoln Tunnel which opened in December of that year.[4] Dyer Avenue is named after General George Rathborne Dyer, who was the chairman of the board of the PANYNJ and died while the tunnel was under construction.[5]

In 1951, the PANYNJ decided to construct a third tube of the Lincoln Tunnel. This project included the approach roads in Manhattan and Hudson County, New Jersey as outlined in the Joint Study of Arterial Facilities which had been commissioned by the agency and the Triborough Bridge Authority. The tube was completed in 1957 at a cost of $85 million.

The Lincoln Tunnel Expressway was built at the cost of $10 to $11 million and completed around the same time as the third tube. In constructing the approach highway, engineers had to build a bridge under an existing bridge, provide two twin tunnels and five viaducts, depress and elevate part of the roadbed as necessary, and develop an intricate network of entrance and exit ramps at intermediate points. As part of the expressway design, ramps were constructed to the Port Authority Bus Terminal.[6][7]

Mid-Manhattan Expressway and I-495 designation

The Lincoln Tunnel Expressway is designated the unsigned NY 495.[8] The expressway was to be integrated into the unbuilt Mid-Manhattan Expressway, a crosstown route leading to the Queens-Midtown Tunnel, now part of Interstate 495, and be designated I-495.[9] The I-495 designation was assigned to the New Jersey approach to the tunnel in 1958[9] in anticipation of the Mid-Manhattan Expressway being completed. That crosstown project was later canceled and was officially removed from I-495 on January 1, 1970.[10] The New Jersey stretch of I-495 became New Jersey Route 495 in 1979.[11] The I-495 designation was removed from the Lincoln Tunnel In 1989. I-495 became a disjointed route through Manhattan.

Open space and air rights

The area around the Lincoln Tunnel Expressway-Dyer Avenue corridor has been rezoned for commercial and residential development as part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project and the construction of the 7 Subway Extension. The 2003 the New York City Department of City Planning issued a master plan that calls for the creation of a network of open space between Ninth Avenue and Tenth Avenue to create a park system from West 39th Street to West 34th Street.[12][2][3]

As of 2014, the PANYNJ owned about 19 acres (7.7 ha) of property in Midtown West, mostly between 30th and 41st streets and 9th and 10th avenues, much it dedicated to transportation. [13] In addition to owning the roadways the PANYNJ also owns adjacent parcels along the right-of-way and is actively attempting to divest itself of the property acquired during original construction or for development of the canceled ARC Tunnel. Funds would be used for the redevelopment of the Port Authority Bus Terminal and other infrastructure improvements.[14][15][16]

In 2011, the city approved construction of two 18 stories building at 9th Avenue between 37th and 38th streets.[17] In April 2012, the PANYNJ reported that a proposal had been made by developer Larry Silverstein, who has a memorandum of understanding to develop this property at 39th Street to construct a bus garage with a residential tower above it.[18][19] The parcel is not large enough to accommodate bus ramps and would require the use of elevators, a new type of application for bus storage.[20] In September 2014, Extell Development Company purchased air rights for $30 million for a parcel between 36-37th streets. A platform or a cantilever structure over the expressway could be built.[21][22] While approved by the PANYNJ the sale of parcels at 30th Street to the McDermont Company for a 500,000-square-foot residential tower the plans were dropped.[23][24] and the land was put back on the market.[25]

Exit list

The entire route is in the New York City borough of Manhattan (New York County). All exits are unnumbered.

Hudson Yards0.000.00West 30th Street east to Ninth Avenue southAt-grade intersection
0.020.032West 31st StreetAt-grade intersection
0.200.32West 33rd Street westEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Hell's Kitchen0.300.48 West 34th36th Streets to I-495 east Downtown, Madison Square GardenEastbound exit and westbound entrance via Dyer Avenue south
0.400.64Ninth AvenueWestbound entrance only
0.500.80 West 40th42nd Streets to NY 9A (West Side Highway) Uptown, Theater DistrictEastbound exit and westbound entrance via Dyer Avenue north
0.600.97West 39th StreetExit and entrance from the North Tube
0.701.13West 40th Street / Galvin Avenue / Port Authority Bus TerminalWestbound entrance to the North Tube
0.801.29Lincoln Tunnel west (NY 495) New JerseyContinuation west
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. 1 2 Google (September 8, 2015). "Lincoln Tunnel Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  2. 1 2 "No. 7 Subway Extension—Hudson Yards Rezoning and Development Program FGEIS" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  3. 1 2 "Hudson Yards The Area". Department of Planning City of New York. Retrieved 2015-02-16.
  4. Whyte, William H. (1995) [1939]. The WPA Guide to New York City: The Federal Writers' Project Guide to 1930s New York. New York: New Press. p. 156. ISBN 1-56584-321-5.
  5. Moscow, Henry (1990). The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins. New York: Fordham University Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-8232-1275-0.
  6. Robert W., Jackson (2011), Highway Under the Hudson: A History of the Holland Tunnel, NYU Press, ISBN 9780814745038
  7. Flint, Anthony (2009), Wrestling with Moses: How Jane Jacobs Took On New York's Master Builder and Transformed the American City, Random House Publishing Group
  8. "495". Google Maps. Retrieved 2015-02-16.
  9. 1 2 Gillespie, Angus K (2011), Crossing Under the Hudson: The Story of the Holland and Lincoln Tunnels, Rutgers University Press
  10. State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved June 25, 2010.
  11. "Route 495 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Internet Archives WayBack Machine. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 21, 2006. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  12. "Hudson Yards Master Plan: Preferred Direction" (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning. February 2003. Retrieved 2015-02-15.
  13. "Midtown Properties". PANYNJ. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
  14. "Lincoln Tunnel Expressway – Sale of Land and Development Rights" (PDF). PANYNJ. June 25, 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  15. "Minutes" (PDF). PANYNJ. September 17, 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  16. Morris, Keiko (March 7, 2014). "Port Authority Land for Sale Amid Rising Prices, Agency Puts Two Parcels on Market". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  18. Chaban, Matt (April 26, 2012). "Silverstein Beats Vornado to the Port Authority Punch Again, Proposes New Bus Terminal on West 39th Street". The New York Observer. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  19. Smerd, Jeremy (April 25, 2012). "'Provocative' proposal made for new bus garage.". Crain's New York Business. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  20. Rubenstein, Dana (May 1, 2012). "Can special elevators spare Manhattan-bound buses that pointless trips back to New Jersey?". Capital New York. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  21. Bockmann, Rich (September 16, 2014). "Extell makes play for Port Authority's Hudson Yard air rights". The Real Deal. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  22. "Port Authority Board Approves Sale of Dyer Avenue Development Rights" (Press release). PANYNJ. September 17, 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  23. Bockman, Rich (July 16, 2014). "Dermot to put up resi tower on Hudson Yards site Firm snagged property with $115M bid in Port Authority auction". The Real Deal. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  24. Geiger, Daniel (October 31, 2014). "Port Authority loses $175M Hudson Yards tower deal". Crain's New York. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  25. Sainger, Tobias (December 2, 2014). "Port Authority Puts Hudson Yards Parcels Back on Market". Commercial Observer. Retrieved 2015-02-22.

External links

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