Ashta Mathas of Udupi

The Tulu Ashta Mathas of Udupi are a group of eight mathas or Hindu monasteries established by Madhvacharya, the preceptor of the Dvaita school of Hindu thought. For each of the eight mathas, Madhvacharya also appointed one of his direct disciples to be the first Swami, head of the matha.

Matha First swami Presiding Deity[1] Reigning Swami Successor
PejavaraAdhokshaja TirthaVitthala with consorts Sri and BhudeviVishwesha TeerthaSri Vishvaprasanna Tirtha Swamiji
PalimaruHrishikesha TirthaKodanda Rama with consort Sita and brother LakshmanaVidhyadeesha Tirtha
AdamaruNarasimha TirthaKaliyamardana KrishnaSri Vishvapriya Tirtha SwamijiEeshapriya Tirtha
PuttigeUpendra TirthaVitthala with consorts Rukmini and SatyabhamaSugunendra Tirtha
SodheVishnu TirthaBhuvarahaVishvavallabha Tirtha
KaniyooruRama TirthaYoga-NarasimhaVidyavallabha Tirtha
ShirurVamana TirthaVitthala (called "Vamana Vitthala" to differentiate from Pejavara icon) with consorts Sri and BhudeviLakshmivara Tirtha
KrishnapuraJanardhana TirthaKaliyamardana Krishna with four armsVidyasagara Tirtha

The ashta mathas are named after the villages in which they were originally located. Today, the mathas are situated in the temple town of Udupi. The mathas work to propagate the Dvaita philosophy. They also administer the famous Udupi Krishna Temple by way of a formal rotation scheme called Paryaya.

When the ashta mathas were formed, Sri Madhvacharya initiated the Swamijis of the mathas in pairs. Each pair of mathas is called Dwandva (literally, two or dual). In the event the current Paryaya Swamiji has difficulty performing his duties, the Swamiji from the Dwandwa matha takes over the responsibility. The four pairs of mathas are: Palimaru and Adamaru; Krishnapura and Puttige; Shirur and Sodhe; and Kaniyooru and Pejavara.

See also


  1. Vasudeva Rao (1 January 2002). Living Traditions in Contemporary Contexts: The Madhva Matha of Udupi. Orient Blackswan. pp. 54–5. ISBN 978-81-250-2297-8.

External links

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