Monroe County, Missouri
|Monroe County, Missouri|
The Monroe County Courthouse in Paris
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 6, 1831|
|Named for||James Monroe|
|Largest city||Monroe City|
|• Total||670 sq mi (1,735 km2)|
|• Land||648 sq mi (1,678 km2)|
|• Water||23 sq mi (60 km2), 3.4%|
|• Density||14/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
The county was organized January 6, 1831 and named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States.
Monroe County was one of several along the Missouri River settled by migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. The county was considered at the heart of what was called Little Dixie.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 648 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (3.4%) is water.
- Shelby County (north)
- Marion County (northeast)
- Ralls County (east)
- Audrain County (south)
- Randolph County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,840 people, 3,656 households, and 2,566 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,565 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.66% White, 3.83% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Approximately 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 23.2% American, 14.2% English and 11.8% Irish ancestry.
There were 3,656 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,871, and the median income for a family was $36,895. Males had a median income of $26,534 versus $20,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,695. About 8.30% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
The Democratic Party completely controls politics at the local level in Monroe County. Democrats hold all of the elected positions in the county.
|Monroe County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Heather D. Wheeler||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Sandra Francis||Democratic|
|Glenn E. Turner||Democratic|
|Coroner||James K. Reinhard||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Talley Kendrick||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Marguerite Jones||Democratic|
|Recorder||Merry Sue Meals||Democratic|
|Sheriff||J. David Hoffman||Democratic|
|2012||48.55% 1,948||48.68% 1,953||2.77% 111|
|2008||56.97% 2,459||41.94% 1,810||1.09% 47|
|2004||60.00% 2,576||38.90% 1,670||1.10% 47|
|2000||44.08% 1,801||54.19% 2,214||1.73% 71|
|1996||27.51% 1,053||70.72% 2,707||1.78% 68|
Monroe County is divided into two representative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both represented by Republicans.
- District 5 — Lindell F. Shumake (R-Hannibal). Consists of Monroe City and the northern part of the county.
|Republican||Lindell F. Shumake||367||68.98||+27.93|
|Democratic||C. Leroy Deichman||165||31.02||-27.93|
|Republican||Lindell F. Shumake||429||41.05|
- District 40 – Jim Hansen (R-Frankford). Consists of the communities of Florida, Holliday, Madison, Paris, Santa Fe, and Stoutsville.
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||50||2.30||+0.02|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||89||2.32|
Monroe County was one of only two jurisdictions in Missouri to be carried by Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 presidential election against incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon. The other was the City of St. Louis. Monroe County was first carried by a Republican in 1976 by John Danforth in the U.S. Senate race. In 1984, Ronald Reagan became the first Republican candidate for president to win the county. Since 2000, the county has voted Republican in federal and state elections.
|2012||63.20% 2,564||34.46% 1,398||2.34% 95|
|2008||58.72% 2,533||39.48% 1,703||1.80% 78|
|2004||61.11% 2,632||38.24% 1,647||0.66% 28|
|2000||53.13% 2,175||45.43% 1,860||1.44% 59|
|1996||34.80% 1,333||50.59% 1,938||14.62% 560|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 590, than any candidate from either party in Monroe County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Monroe County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||221 (27.59%)|
|Mike Huckabee||300 (37.45%)|
|Mitt Romney||231 (28.84%)|
|Ron Paul||32 (4.00%)|
|Monroe County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||590 (52.73%)|
|Barack Obama||444 (39.68%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||68 (6.08%)|
- Holliday C-2 School District – Holliday
- Holliday Elementary School (K-08)
- Madison C-3 School District – Madison
- Madison Elementary School (PK-06)
- Madison High School (07-12)
- Middle Grove C-1 School District – Madison
- Middle Grove Elementary School (K-08)
- Monroe City R-I School District – Monroe City
- Monroe City Elementary School (PK-04)
- Monroe City Middle School (05-08)
- Monroe City High School (09-12)
- Paris R-II School District – Paris
- Paris Elementary School (PK-06)
- Paris Junior High School (07-08)
- Paris High School (09-12)
- Holy Rosary School – Monroe City (K-09) – Roman Catholic
- Foundation for Life Christian School – Paris (PK-12) – Nondenominational Christian
Cities and towns
- Mark Twain, American author and humorist, was born in Monroe County. The Mark Twain Birthplace State Historic Site in Mark Twain State Park commemorates this occasion.
- Xenophon Overton Pindall, member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, Arkansas State Senate and Acting Governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas
- Eli C. D. Shortridge, third Governor of North Dakota from 1893 to 1895' raised in Monroe County.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Smiley, W. L. (1876). An illustrated historical atlas of Monroe County, Missouri, 1876. Philadelphia: Edwards Brothers. p. 8.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 212.
- The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Mark Twain Birthplace State Historical Site". Missouri State Parks. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- "Arkansas Governor Xenophon Overton Pindall". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- "North Dakota Governor Eli C. D. Shortridge". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Monroe County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- Monroe County Sheriff's Office
||Shelby County||Marion County|
|Randolph County||Ralls County|