St. Joseph, Missouri
|St. Joseph, Missouri|
Downtown St. Joseph in 2006
|Nickname(s): St. Joe|
Location in the state of Missouri
U.S. Census Map
|Coordinates: 39°45′29″N 94°50′12″W / 39.75806°N 94.83667°WCoordinates: 39°45′29″N 94°50′12″W / 39.75806°N 94.83667°W|
|• Mayor||Bill Falkner|
|• Total||44.77 sq mi (115.95 km2)|
|• Land||43.99 sq mi (113.93 km2)|
|• Water||0.78 sq mi (2.02 km2)|
|• Estimate (2014)||76,967|
|• Density||1,745.4/sq mi (673.9/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
St. Joseph (informally St. Joe) is a city in and the county seat of Buchanan County, Missouri, United States. It is the principal city of the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Buchanan, Andrew, and DeKalb counties in Missouri and Doniphan County, Kansas. As of the 2010 census, St. Joseph had a total population of 76,780, making it the eighth largest city in the state, third largest in Northwest Missouri. The metropolitan area had a population of 127,329 in 2010.
St. Joseph is located on the Missouri River. It is perhaps best known as the starting point of the Pony Express and the death place of Jesse James; the rapper Eminem was born here as well. St. Joseph is also home to Missouri Western State University.
St. Joseph was founded on the Missouri River by Joseph Robidoux, a local fur trader, and officially incorporated in 1843. In its early days, it was a bustling outpost and rough frontier town, serving as a last supply point and jumping-off point on the Missouri River toward the "Wild West". It was the westernmost point in the United States accessible by rail until after the American Civil War.
The main east-west downtown streets were named for Robidoux's eight children: Faraon, Jules, Francois (Francis), Felix, Edmond, Charles, Sylvanie, and Messanie. The street between Sylvanie and Messanie was named for his second wife, Angelique.
St. Joseph, or "St. Joe", as it was called by many, was a "Jumping-Off Point" for those headed to the Oregon Territory in the mid-1800s. In these cities, including Independence, Missouri, and St. Joseph, were where pioneers would stay and purchase supplies before they would head out in wagon trains. The town was a very bustling place, and was the second city in the USA to have electric streetcars.
Between April 3, 1860, and late October 1861, St. Joseph was one of the two endpoints of the Pony Express, which operated for a short period over the land then inaccessible by rail, to provide fast mail service. The pony riders carried additionally, along with the mail, a small personal bible. Today the Pony Express Museum hosts visitors in the old stables.
In 1882, on April 3, the outlaw Jesse James was killed at his home, originally located at 1318 Lafayette, now sited next to The Patee House. In the post-Civil War years, when the economy was down, the hotel had served for a time as the home of the Patee Female College, followed by the St. Joseph Female College up to 1880. James was living under the alias of Mr. Howard. An excerpt from a popular poem of the time is: "...that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard has laid poor Jesse in his grave."
The Heaton-Bowman-Smith Funeral Home maintains a small museum about Jesse James. Their predecessors conducted the funeral. The museum is open to the public. His home, is now known as Jesse James Home Museum. It has been relocated at least three times, and features the bullet hole from that fateful shot. St. Joseph is identified by the slogan, "Where the Pony Express started and Jesse James ended."
Among properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the Patee House, a former hotel is now maintained as a museum of transportation and the Missouri Theatre, an ornate movie palace.
St. Joseph's population peaked in 1900, with a census population of 102,979. This population figure is questionable, as civic leaders tried to inflate the numbers for that census. At the time, it was the home to one of the largest wholesale companies in the Midwest, the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company, as well as the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad, and the C.D. Smith & Company, which would become C.D. Smith Healthcare.
Geography and climate
Saint Joseph is located at 39°45′29″N 94°50′12″W / 39.75806°N 94.83667°W (39.757944, -94.836541), on the Missouri/Kansas border in northwestern Missouri. The nearest major metropolitan area to St. Joseph is the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, which begins approximately 30 miles (48 km) to the south. The nearest major airport is Kansas City International Airport, which is approximately 35 miles (56 km) to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.77 square miles (115.95 km2), of which 43.99 square miles (113.93 km2) is land and 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2) is water.
|Climate data for St. Joseph, Missouri (1981–2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)|| 37.2
|Average low °F (°C)|| 17.6
|Average precipitation inches (mm)|| 0.63
|Average snowfall inches (cm)|| 4.0
As of the census of 2010, there were 76,780 people, 29,727 households, and 18,492 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,745.4 inhabitants per square mile (673.9/km2). There were 33,189 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile (291.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 6.0% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population.
There were 29,727 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18; 11.7% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% from 25 to 44; 24.9% from 45 to 64; and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 35.6 years. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 73,990 people, 29,026 households, and 18,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,687.7 people per square mile (651.6/km²). There were 31,752 housing units at an average density of 724.2 per square mile (279.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.88% White, 5.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.61% of the population.
There were 29,026 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were single-family households. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,663, and the median income for a family was $40,995. Males had a median income of $31,300 versus $21,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,445. About 9.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
TransitAmerica Services, which provides conductors for various train systems nationwide, is based in the city.
St. Joseph is home to several retail areas, many of which are grouped along Belt Highway on the city's east side. East Hills Mall is located at North Belt Highway and Frederick Boulevard. The mall opened in 1965, was expanded in 1988, and was renovated in 2001 with a far more extensive renovation in 2008 and 2009. Developed in 2005, the Shoppes at North Village is concentrated along North Belt Highway between approximately Cook and County Line roads. This serves as a regional shopping destination. Other shopping districts include Belt Center, Hy-Vee Shopping Center, Hillcrest Plaza, East Ridge Village, and Woodlawn Shopping Center.
The St. Joseph School District operates 3 public high schools, 4 public middle schools and 16 public elementary schools in St. Joseph. There are three private grade schools, a private high school and a private K-12 Christian school. Two new elementary schools (Oak Grove and Carden Park) have been constructed, and both opened by the 2014–15 academic year. In addition, there is an active home education community that serves the city and surrounding areas. In higher education, St. Joseph is the home of a regional public university as well as a public university outreach center, a public technical school and a private technical school.
- Bishop LeBlond High School
- Cathedral Grade School
- St. Francis Xavier Grade School
- St. James Grade School
- St. Joseph Christian School
- St. Paul Lutheran School
- Prescott Seventh-Day Adventist School
Colleges and universities
Special focus institutions
- Vatterott College
- American College of Technology
- Hillyard Technical Center
- Colgan Alternative Resource Center
- Webster Learning Center
The St. Joseph Transit is publicly owned and provides bus service. Rosecrans Memorial Airport is a joint municipal/military owned airport for general aviation. It is the home of the 139th Airlift Wing of the Missouri Air National Guard, and does not have commercial service.
The city is served by two Interstate highways and four U.S. Routes:
- I-29, which runs south to Kansas City and north to Council Bluffs, Iowa
- I-229, a western bypass of St. Joseph.
- US 36, the Pony Express Highway, running east to Cameron and west to Hiawatha, Kansas
- US 59, which runs south to Atchison, Kansas and north into western Iowa
- US 71, which runs south concurrent with I-29 to Kansas City, and north to Maryville
- US 169, which runs south to Kansas City, and north to Winterset, Iowa
In addition, four state routes serve the city:
Numerous parks, golf courses, sports complexes, skate parks, a water park, a riverwalk along the Missouri River, and a small conservation area can be found throughout St. Joseph proper. The city is also nationally known for its 26-mile (42 km) parkway system, which is accompanied by an urban trail system. Two of the city's largest parks are Krug Park and Hyde Park; these respectively anchor the parkway and urban trail on the north and south. A dog park is also currently in development at one area along the parkway.
St. Joseph currently ranks 201st largest designated market area out of 210 media markets in the United States (as ranked by Nielsen Media Research); the market covers six counties in northwestern Missouri (Holt, Worth, Nodaway, Andrew, DeKalb and Buchanan) and Doniphan County in northeastern Kansas. The St. Joseph area has one low-power and two full-power television stations, and ten radio stations.
Due to its proximity to Kansas City and Omaha as well as Topeka, stations from those markets serve as default affiliates of CBS (KCTV/Kansas City, KMTV/Omaha and WIBW-TV/Topeka) and MyNetworkTV (KSMO-TV/Kansas City and WIBW-DT2/Topeka, on Dish Network only) due to the lack of affiliates of those networks licensed to the market.
Local broadcast stations
|2.1 (7)||KQTV||ABC||N/A||N/A||Nexstar Broadcasting Group|
|16.1 (21)||KTAJ-TV||TBN|| 16.2|
| The Church Channel|
TBN Enlace USA
Smile of a Child Network
|Trinity Broadcasting Network|
|21.1 (16)||KNPG-LD||NBC|| 21.2||The CW||News-Press & Gazette Company|| |
|26.1 (26)||KNPN-LD||Fox|| 26.2|
| News-Press 3 NOW|
|News-Press & Gazette Company|
|30.1 (30)||KBJO-LD||Telemundo||N/A||N/A||News-Press & Gazette Company|
Local independent cable channels
- News-Press 3 NOW, Suddenlink channel 3/KNPN-LD virtual channel 26.2 (Local news)
|680||KFEQ||680 KFEQ||News/talk/sports||Eagle Communications|
|1270||KGNM||The Kingdom||Contemporary Christian||Orama, Inc.|
|1470||KAIR||Hot Country 93.7||Country music||KNZA Inc.|
|1550||KESJ||ESPN 1550||Sports talk||Eagle Communications|
|89.7||KJCV-FM||Bott Radio Network||Religious||Community Broadcasting, Inc.|
|91.1||KSJI||Joy 91.1||Contemporary Christian||Good News Ministries, Inc.|
|91.9||KSRD||Air1||Contemporary Christian||Educational Media Foundation|
|92.7||KSJQ||Q-Country 92.7||Country music||Eagle Communications|
|99.3||KFOH-LP||SJMF Radio||All Genres||St. Joseph Music Foundation|
|100.7||KLHM-LP||Religious||Lighthouse Radio Ministry|
|105.5||KKJO||KJO 105.5||Hot adult contemporary||Eagle Communications|
|106.1||KEXS-FM||The Catholic Radio Network||Catholic religious||Catholic Radio Network|
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- U.S. Census Bureau (2007). "Population Estimates: 2000-2007". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- The Mystery Of Marshall Mathers
- North America Travel Guide. "Saint Peters : Missouri". North America Travel Guide. Retrieved August 30, 2007.
- St. Joseph History - Jesse James Home.
- Bob Slater. "Civic pride ran amok with 1900 census". St. Joseph News-Press. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Winners" Archived July 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., National Civic League
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Caltrain Board Approves TransitAmerica to Run Train System". Caltrain News Archive. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "TransitAmerica combines Herzog, Stagecoach's expertise". Metro Magazine. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-17. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Joseph, Missouri.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for St. Joseph.|
- City of St. Joseph
- Downtown Different | Saint Joseph, MO
- Historic maps of St. Joseph in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri