Jaora State

Jaora State
जावरा रियासत
Princely State of British India
Flag Coat of arms
Jaora State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
  Established 1808
  Independence of India 1948
  1941 1,471 km2 (568 sq mi)
  1941 116,953 
Density 79.5 /km2  (205.9 /sq mi)
Today part of Madhya Pradesh, India
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jaora". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Ratlami Gate, Jaora
The Jaora state flag was a green triangle between 1865 and 1895.

Jaora State was a 13 gun-salute princely state of the British Raj. It was part of the Malwa Agency.[1]

The total area of the princely state, with the dependencies of Piploda and Panth-Piploda, was 1,471 km2 (568 sq mi). Jaora state was divided into four tehsils, Jaora, Barauda, Tal, and Barkhera. The chief crops were millets, cotton, maize and opium.


Jaora State was founded by 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan, a Muslim of Afghan pashtun descent and a Rohilla in 1808. In 1818 the state became a British protectorate. 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan was a cavalry officer serving the Pashtun leader Muhammad Amir Khan. He later served the Holkar maharaja of Indore State, subduing Rajput territories in northern Malwa and annexing their lands. In return for his services, he was granted the title of Nawab in 1808. The state was confirmed by the British government in 1818 by the Treaty of Mandsaur.

Nawab Muhammad Ismail (ruled 1865-1895) was an honorary major in the British Army. During the reign of Nawab Muhammad Iftikhar Ali Khan (ruled 1895-1947), Piploda became a separate state in 1924, and Panth-Piploda became a province of British India in 1942. Nawab Muhammad Usman 'Ali Khan (ruled 1947-1948) acceded to the Government of India on 15 June 1948.[2]


The rulers of the state bore the title 'Nawab'.[3]

Nawabs of Jaora

See also


Coordinates: 23°38′N 75°08′E / 23.63°N 75.13°E / 23.63; 75.13

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