Palanpur State

Palanpur State
પાલનપુર રિયાસત
पालनपुर रियासत
Princely State of British India


Map of Palanpur State area in 1922
  Established 1370
  Accession to the Union of India 1948
  1940 1,766 km2 (682 sq mi)
  1940 315,855 
Density 178.9 /km2  (463.2 /sq mi)
Today part of India
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Palanpur State was a princely state of India during the British Raj. It was a Salute state with the Nawab of Palanpur having a hereditary salutes of 13-guns. It was the main state of the Palanpur Agency. Palanpur State became a British protectorate in 1809/17; its capital was the city of Palanpur.


The state encompassed an area of 1766 km² (682 mi²) and had a population of 222,627 in 1901. The town of Palanpur housed a population of only 8,000 people that year. The state commanded a revenue of approximately Rs.50,000/- per year.

Palanpur State was traversed by the main line of the Rajputana-Malwa Railway, and contained the British cantonment of Deesa. Wheat, rice and sugar-cane were the chief products. Watered by the Sabarmati river, the state was heavily forested in its northern end (the present-day Jessore Sanctuary) but undulating and open in the south and east. The country was on the whole somewhat hilly, being at the edge of the Aravalli Range. In 1940 Palanpur State had a population of 315,855.[1]


Main article: History of Palanpur

According to tradition Palanpur state was founded in 1370[2] and was ruled by the pashtun tribe of Lohani of Jhalori dynasty. 'While the earlier history of the family is who established themselves in Bihar during the twelfth century and ruled there as Sultans. Malik Khurram Khan, the founder of the Palanpur house, left Bihar and entered the service of Vishaldev of Mandore during the late fourteenth century. Appointed Governor of Songad or Jhalor, he took control of that place in the confusion that followed the death of the Mandore ruler';[3] a forebear of the family is reputed to have wed the foster-sister of the Mughal emperor Akbar and received Palanpur and surrounding areas as dowry. However, the family comes into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas; the Lohanis followed the trend of seeking recourse in the British East India Company against them and finally entered the subsidiary alliance system in 1817, along with all other neighbouring states, becoming a British protectorate. Palanpur State was dissolved in 1949.[4]


Palanpur State court fee ticket
Family Tree of Palanpur State rulers

The rulers of Palanpur State belonged to the Pathan Lohani tribe of Jalori dynasty.[5]


Nawab Sahibs

See also


  1. Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. p. 1413.
  2. Princely States - Palanpur
  3. Royalark - Palanpur State
  4. Princely States of India
  5. States before 1947 K-W

Coordinates: 24°10′N 72°26′E / 24.17°N 72.43°E / 24.17; 72.43

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