|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kansas's 4th district
Assumed office |
January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Todd Tiahrt|
Michael Richard Pompeo|
December 30, 1963
Orange, California, U.S.
United States Military Academy (BS)|
Harvard University (JD)
|Website||Congressman Mike Pompeo's official U.S. House site|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1986–1991|
|Unit||2nd Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division|
Michael Richard "Mike" Pompeo (born December 30, 1963) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Kansas's 4th congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Tea Party movement within the Republican Party. He was a Kansas representative on the Republican National Committee. On November 18, 2016, he was selected by President-elect Donald Trump to be Trump's nominee for Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
Education, and early career
Pompeo was born in Orange, California, the son of Dorothy (née Mercer) and Wayne Pompeo. He attended the U.S. Military Academy where he majored in Mechanical Engineering, graduating first in his class in 1986 and subsequently serving in the Regular Army as an Armor Branch cavalry officer from 1986 to 1991. He received his J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he was an editor of the Harvard Law Review. He then worked as a lawyer for Williams & Connolly.
As a teenager, he enrolled at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated first in his class from West Point in 1986 and then served as a cavalry officer patrolling the Iron Curtain before the fall of the Berlin Wall. He also served with the 2nd Squadron, 7th Cavalry in the Fourth Infantry Division. He served his last tour in the Gulf War.
Pompeo founded Thayer Aerospace and Private Security. In 2006 he sold his interest in Thayer (which was renamed Nex-Tech Aerospace). He became the President of Sentry International, an oilfield equipment company.
U.S. House of Representatives
In the 2010 Kansas Republican primary for the 4th District Congressional seat, Pompeo defeated State Senator Jean Schodorf (who received 24%), Wichita businessman Wink Hartman (who received 23%), and small business owner Jim Anderson (who received 13%). State Senator Dick Kelsey also ran for the nomination, but ended his campaign before the August primary and endorsed Pompeo. Late in the primary, Schodorf began to surge, prompting two outside groups—Americans for Prosperity and Common Sense Issues, an Ohio-based political group—to enter the race, spending tens of thousands of dollars in the final campaign days to attack Schodorf and support Pompeo.
During the campaign, Pompeo received $80,000 in donations from Koch Industries and its employees.
Pompeo has been on the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and Committee on Energy and Commerce, and the following 3 subcommittees: the Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade, the Subcommittee on Energy and Power, and the Subcommittee on the CIA. He is also on the House Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi.
Nomination to be CIA Director
Energy and environment
On May 9, 2013, Pompeo introduced the Natural Gas Pipeline Permitting Reform Act (H.R. 1900; 113th Congress).
The bill placed a 12-month deadline on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, requiring it to approve or reject any proposal for a natural gas pipeline within that timeframe. The bill passed the House along party lines but not voted on in the Senate.
Pompeo rejects many concepts about global warming. In 2013, he said, "There are scientists who think lots of different things about climate change. There's some who think we're warming, there's some who think we’re cooling, there's some who think that the last 16 years have shown a pretty stable climate environment."
Pompeo has referred to President Obama's environment and climate change plans as "damaging" and "radical". He opposes the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, and supports eliminating the Environmental Protection Agency's greenhouse gas registry program. He has said that Obama's Clean Power Plan does not provide "any measurable environmental benefit."
He signed the Americans for Prosperity's No Climate Tax pledge. He has called for the elimination of wind power production tax credits, calling them an "enormous government handout". He predicted a new energy bill would cost millions of jobs and make the United States a net food importer.
Pompeo is a lifetime member of the National Rifle Association, which has endorsed him.
Pompeo opposes the Affordable Care Act.
Genetically modified foods
Pompeo opposes requiring food suppliers to label food made with genetically modified organisms, and to that end in April 2014 introduced the "Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act" to block states from requiring mandatory GMO food labeling.
Pompeo supported the U.S. federal government shutdown of 2013, blaming President Obama while acknowledging that the Republican Party could take a hit from the shutdown. He stated that he believed the shutdown was necessary to avoid a predicted "American financial collapse 10 years from now."
In January 2014, Pompeo voted against a two-year budget deal drafted by Paul Ryan that would avert any government shutdown until 2015 and cut deficits by $23 billion.
Pompeo introduced the Small Airplane Revitalization Act of 2013 into the House on May 7, 2013.
Pompeo has been critical of President Obama, whom he repeatedly alleged was indecisive and not appropriately respectful of military leaders such as General McChrystal, who was forced to submit his resignation for having made negative comments about the president to Rolling Stone magazine. He accused the president of "unforgivably fail[ing] to provide the total commitment of our national means to our servicemen in the field."
Pompeo supports the National Security Agency's surveillance programs, characterizing the agency's efforts as "good and important work." In March 2014, Pompeo denounced NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden's inclusion in the South by Southwest conference in Austin, Texas, and called for Snowden's invitation to speak via telecast at the annual Texas event be withdrawn, lest it encourage "lawless behavior" among attendees. In February 2016, Pompeo said Snowden "should be brought back from Russia and given due process, and I think the proper outcome would be that he would be given a death sentence."
Pompeo has advocated for rolling back post-Snowden surveillance reforms, saying "Congress should pass a law re-establishing collection of all metadata, and combining it with publicly available financial and lifestyle information into a comprehensive, searchable database. Legal and bureaucratic impediments to surveillance should be removed. That includes Presidential Policy Directive-28, which bestows privacy rights on foreigners and imposes burdensome requirements to justify data collection."
On July 21, 2015, Pompeo and Senator Tom Cotton alleged the existence of secret side agreements between Iran and the IAEA on procedures for inspection and verification of Iran's nuclear activities under the Iran nuclear deal. The Obama administration denied any clandestine or secret actions.
Administration officials acknowledge the existence of agreements between Iran and the IAEA governing the inspection of sensitive military sites, but deny the characterization that they are “secret side deals,” saying instead that they are standard practice in crafting arms-control pacts and that the Administration had provided the information on them that was at its disposal to Congress.
In a 2013 speech on the House floor, Pompeo said Muslim leaders who fail to denounce acts of terrorism done in the name of Islam are "potentially complicit" in the attacks. The Council on American-Islamic Relations called on Pompeo to revise his remarks, calling them "false and irresponsible".
Pompeo opposes closing Guantánamo Bay detention camp. After a 2013 visit to the prison, Pompeo said, of the prisoners who were on hunger strike, "It looked to me like a lot of them had put on weight."
Pompeo has criticized the Obama administration's decision to end the CIA's secret prisons (so-called "black sites"), and the administration's requirement that all interrogators adhere to anti-torture laws.
- Staff (2011). "Once a Soldier... Always a Soldier" (PDF). Legislative Agenda. Association of the United States Army. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- "Biography – Congressman Mike Pompeo". house.gov.
- Profile, nationalreview.com; accessed October 21, 2015.
- Senator Roberts survives Tea Party challenge, foxnews.com; accessed October 21, 2015.
- "President-Elect Donald J. Trump Selects U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions for Attorney General, Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and U.S. Rep. Mike Pompeo as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency" (Press release). New York, New York: Office of the President Elect and of the Vice President Elect. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "Congressman Mike Pompeo". Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- Lefler, Dion (2010-07-29). "Pompeo hopes varied background gives him edge". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- Wilson, Benet (2010-03-05). "Thayer Aerospace Founder Vies For Congress". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- Mike Pompeo. "Congressman Mike Pompeo Biography". house.gov. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Lefler, Dion; Ron Sylvester (2010-08-03). "Pompeo, Goyle to Meet in 4th District race". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
Republican National Committeeman Mike Pompeo survived a bruising GOP primary and Rep. Raj Goyle of Wichita steamrolled his Democratic opponent to set up the general election battle in the Kansas 4th Congressional District.
- Miller, Tricia (2010-08-04). "Pompeo Likely To Replace Tiahrt". CQ Politics. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- D'Aprile, Shane (2010-08-04). "Pompeo wins GOP primary in Rep. Tiahrt's district". The Hill. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- "Pompeo, Goyle to meet in 4th District race". Wichita Eagle. August 3, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "House Results Map". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Eggen, Dan (March 20, 2011). "GOP freshman Pompeo turned to Koch for money for business, then politics". Washington Post. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Wichita attorney Dan Giroux announces challenge to Rep. Mike Pompeo". Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- "Kansas Secretary of State 2014 General Election" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- "Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. p. 2. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Lowry, Bryan (2014-05-09). "Rep. Mike Pompeo appointed to Benghazi investigation committee". Kansas.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "President-Elect Donald J. Trump Selects U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions for Attorney General, Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and U.S. Rep. Mike Pompeo as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency". President Elect Donald J. Trump. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- "Election 2012: Mike Pompeo". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- Hegeman, Roxana (October 24, 2012). "Pompeo: No rape exception in anti-abortion view". Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "H.R. 1900 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (November 21, 2013). "Thursday:Pipelines in the House, amendment fight in the Senate". The Hill. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Congressional Bills and Votes H.R. 1900". The New York Times.
- "Mike Pompeo on Washington Journal". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "Kansas starts working toward clean air plan that Pompeo wants to kill". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "Mike Pompeo's Issue Positions". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Pledge Takers". NoClimateTax.com. Americans for Prosperity. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- Pompeo, Mike (September 30, 2012). "Rep. Mike Pompeo: Wind tax credit harms economy". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Pompeo predicts new energy bill would cost millions of jobs and make the United States a net food importer", kansas.com; accessed September 24, 2015.
- "National Rifle Association Endorses Pompeo". Pompeo for Congress. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- Pompeo, Mike (September 3, 2013). "The ObamaCare train wreck: Column". USA Today. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- Gillam, Carey (April 9, 2014). "U.S. bill seeks to block mandatory GMO food labeling by states". Reuters. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Wilson, Bill (October 2, 2013). "Pompeo: For the GOP, shutdown is now about reforming entitlement programs". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Key Votes by Mike Pompeo – U.S. Congress Votes Database – The Washington Post".
- "Pompeo Responds to President's West Point Speech". Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Lefler, Dion (November 4, 2013). "NSA is doing 'important work', Pompeo tells Wichita State students". Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- Drusch, Andrea (March 9, 2014). "SXSW 2014: Mike Pompeo wants Edward Snowden off the bill". Politico. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Lawmaker: 'Traitor' Snowden deserves death penalty". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- Jr, Mike Pompeo And David B. Rivkin (2016-01-03). "Time for a Rigorous National Debate About Surveillance". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- Demirjian, Karoun. "'Secret deals' become latest congressional complaint about Iran deal".
- Jordan Fabian and Kristina Wong. "White House launches Iran side deals counterattack".
- Schulberg, Jessica. "John Kerry's Confident The IAEA Can Handle Iran, But Congress Isn't Buying It". Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (June 11, 2013). "GOP lawmaker: US Muslim leaders 'complicit' in terrorist attacks". The Hill. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "GOP lawmaker: US Muslim call Pompeo comments leaders "false and irresponsible"" (PDF). Council on American-Islamic Relations. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Senate debates Guantánamo in first hearing on closing prison since 2009". Associated Press. July 24, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "GOP Rep: 'No crisis' at Gitmo, detainees 'have put on weight'". MSNBC. May 26, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (2016-11-18). "Trump Turns to His Right Flank to Fill National Security Posts". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 4th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority
| Succeeded by|