Tom Reed (politician)

Tom Reed
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd district
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by Bill Owens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 29th district
In office
November 18, 2010  January 3, 2013
Preceded by Eric Massa
Mayor of Corning, New York
In office
Preceded by Frank Coccho
Succeeded by Rich Negri
Personal details
Born (1971-11-18) November 18, 1971
Joliet, Illinois
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Jean Reed
Children 2
Residence Corning, New York
Alma mater Alfred University
Ohio Northern University Pettit College of Law
Occupation Attorney
Religion Roman Catholic

Thomas W. Reed II (born November 18, 1971) is an American attorney and politician who serves as the U.S. Representative for New York's 23rd congressional district. A Republican, Reed first joined the U.S. House after winning a special election to replace Eric Massa in 2010. Reed previously served one term as the Mayor of Corning, New York.

Early life and career

Born to Tom and Betty Barr-Reed in Joliet, Illinois, Reed is the youngest of twelve children. His father was a decorated United States Army officer who served in World War II and the Korean War, and died when Reed was two years old. Reed was raised by his mother in Corning, New York. He graduated from Horseheads High School in 1989 and then received his bachelor's degree from Alfred University in 1993. Reed is a member of the Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity. While at Alfred he was a NCAA Division III All-American as a swimmer before attending Ohio Northern University Pettit College of Law where he graduated with a law degree in 1996.

After receiving his law degree Reed worked as an associate attorney in the Litigation Department at Gallo & Iacovangelo in Rochester. After his mother died in 1998, he returned to Corning and opened his own law firm. His businesses would grow to include real estate, mortgage brokerage, and a debt collection businesses that employ twenty-five people.[1][2]

Mayor of Corning

Reed defeated incumbent Democrat Frank Coccho in 2007 and served one two-year term as mayor.[3] Reed represented the Republican, Conservative, and Independence parties on the mayoral ballot.

2007 election for Mayor of Corning
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 1,866 59
Democratic Frank Coccho (Inc.) 1,317 41
Total votes 3,220 100

U.S. House of Representatives



In 2009, Reed announced that he would run against incumbent Democrat Eric Massa in the 2010 election.[4][5] Midway through his first term in Congress, Massa announced that he would not seek reelection due to health problems. In March 2010, Massa resigned from Congress after it was revealed that he was under investigation by the United States House Committee on Ethics for allegedly sexually harassing a male staffer.[6]

In the election to replace Massa, Reed was challenged by Democrat and Working Families Party nominee Matthew Zeller.[7] Reed received the endorsement of Monroe County Executive Maggie Brooks and every county Republican chairman in New York's 29th congressional district.[8] He was not opposed in the Republican primary; two opposing candidates filed, but neither qualified for the ballot.

Reed won the election and immediately assumed the remainder of Massa's term.[9] In the immediate days following Reed's election, he suffered a pulmonary embolism.[10] After a three-day delay, Reed was sworn in during a special ceremony.

29th Congressional District Election Results (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 101,209 56
Democratic Matt Zeller 78,578 44
Total votes 179,787 100

New York lost two seats in the U.S. House due to redistricting. The 29th Congressional District was eliminated and much of the district became the 23rd Congressional District. The new 23rd Congressional District includes Allegany, Cattaragus, Chemung, Ontario, Schuyler, and Steuben County from the old 29th Congressional District with the addition of Chautauqua, Seneca, Tompkins, and Tioga counties.[11]

Three candidates, Leslie Danks Burke, Melissa Dobson and Nate Shinagawa, campaigned in a Democratic primary to challenge Reed in New York's 23rd congressional district.[12]

Reed won reelection against Democrat and Working Families Party nominee and Tompkins County Legislator Nate Shinagawa.[13]

In 2012, Reed said that he accidentally paid one of his tax bills using campaign funds. Reed's campaign voluntarily reported the error in a campaign finance report and Reed reimbursed the campaign.[14][15]

23rd Congressional District Election Results (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 126,519 52
Democratic Nate Shinagawa 117,055 48
Total votes 243,571 100

Reed faced Tompkins County Legislative Chair Martha Robertson. Though it was predicted to be a close race,[16] Reed won handily.

23rd Congressional District Election Results (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 113,130[16] 58
Democratic Martha Robertson 70,242[16] 36
N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 12,502[16] 6
Total votes 195,874 100

Reed ran for reelection in 2016. He was unopposed in the Republican primary, before facing John Plumb, the lone Democrat to file for candidacy, in the November 8, 2016, general election.[17] Reed was re-elected with 58% of the vote.[18]

Reed initially endorsed Jeb Bush's 2016 presidential campaign before Bush's departure from the race.[19] He then endorsed Donald Trump for U.S. president on March 16, 2016.[20][21] Reed reaffirmed his support for Trump in August 2016.[22]


Upon election to Congress, Reed was appointed to the House Judiciary Committee and House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.[23]

During his first term, Reed co-founded with Mark Critz the bi-partisan Marcellus Shale Caucus, a work group to conduct an open discussion and debate on Marcellus Shale issues.[24]

Five months into his first term, Speaker John Boehner and Rules Committee Chairman David Dreier appointed Reed to the House Committee on Rules.[25] An unusual position for a freshman member, Chairman Dreier called his appointment “a testament to his vision and commitment to changing the way Congress does business.”[25] In order to serve on the Committee on Rules, Reed relinquished his assignment on the House Judiciary Committee and took a leave of absence from the House Transportation Committee.[26]

Only two months later Dean Heller was appointed the United States Senate following the resignation of Senator John Ensign leaving an opening on the House Ways and Means Committee.[27] Following the recommendation of Speaker John Boehner and Ways and Means Chairman David Camp the Republican Steering Committee voted to recommend Reed for the vacant position.[28]

During his first term in Congress, Reed proposed a resolution that would install a national debt clock on the floor of the United States House of Representatives.[29] Reed also focused on bringing attention to wasteful government spending and supported budget amendments that saved taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars by eliminating government funding for projects, including a sewer system in Tijuana, Mexico.[30][31] He also voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and supported the Budget Control Act of 2011.[32][33]

After his reelection to Congress, Reed drafted the Promoting Assistance with Transitional Help Act. The bill would modify the Temporary Assistance for Needy Family (TANF) program by introducing a 5-year limit on welfare payments to individuals. The TANF program was originally intended to provide temporary assistance to needy families but had deviated from that mandate and in some states provided indefinite cash benefits to individuals. Reed hopes that requiring the program to provide only temporary emergency relief will reduce dependence on government assistance.[34]

In 2013, Reed offered amendment 103 to the House Farm Bill (H.R. 1947), which would have imposed a lifetime ban on food assistance through SNAP, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, for life for people convicted of certain violent offenses.[35]

On August 2, 2013, Reed introduced the Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2013 (H.R. 2996; 113th Congress), a bill that would establish the Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program (NMIP) within the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).[36][37] Under the program, NIST would award grants to establish a network of centers of innovation to improve the competitiveness of domestic manufacturers.[36]

With government shutdown looming, Reed introduced the Pay Our Veterans and Seniors First Act. The legislation would ensure that armed services members were paid and that seniors continued receiving benefits during a temporary government shutdown. The bill also forfeited pay for Congress and the President for the duration of the government shutdown.[38][39]

In 2014, Reed introduced the Clinical Trial Cancer Mission 2020 Act. The bill would make it mandatory for researchers to publish all information from cancer clinical trials, with the goal being to get more researchers to work together and bring down the number of duplicative studies. The legislation would create a national clearinghouse run by the NIH.[40] It would also make it so that any researcher who received a grant from the government for their research, and did not comply with the law's requirements to publish all clinical trial information, would have to return the grant money.[41] Congressman Chris Collins (R-NY) and Louise Slaughter (D-NY) cosponsored the bill, which was referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.[42] Reed announced the bill at the Arnot Health Falck Cancer Center.[43]

On May 22, 2014, Reed introduced the Fighting Hunger Incentive Act of 2014 (H.R. 4719; 113th Congress), a bill that would amend the Internal Revenue Code to permanently extend and expand certain expired provisions that provided an enhanced tax deduction for businesses that donated their food inventory to charitable organizations.[44][45] Reed argued that it makes sense to make this a permanent measure because "doing it on a temporary basis... is part of the problem. We need to make this sound policy permanent in the tax code and I'm optimistic we'll get it to the finish and allow people to take advantage of the tax deduction that would encourage them to use the food rather than put it in a landfill."[46]

Committee assignments

Caucus membership

Personal life

Reed married his wife, Jean, in 1996. They have two children. The Reed family lives in Corning, New York.[47] Reed has been late paying his property taxes at least 46 times since 2005, and has had to pay $6,200 in penalties and interest. Reed said that while he was late in making the payments and paid penalties because of it, the taxes never went unpaid.[48]


  1. Tumalty, Brian (March 3, 2014). "Reed won't release ethics correspondence". The Ithaca Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. "Biography | Congressman Tom Reed". Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  3. "Reed ousts Coccho" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  4. "Mayor Reed announces challenge to Massa". Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  5. Reed announces candidacy for Congress, Jeffery Smith, Corning Leader, July 2, 2009
  6. "Rep. Eric Massa to resign – John Bresnahan and Glenn Thrush". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  7. "Republicans zeroing in on Massa's seat in 2010". Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  8. National Parties Pick Recruits To Topple Freshmen
  9. "Reed wins twice in NY's 29th – News – The Evening Tribune – Hornell, NY". The Evening Tribune. 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  10. "Congressman-elect Tom Reed "Resting Comfortably"". ABC News WHAM. 2010-11-16. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
  11. "Redistricting will give Ithaca a new Congressional representative — Tom Reed or Nate Shinagawa – Ithaca Times : News". 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  12. "Reed edges Shinagawa in 23rd District race – News – The Leader – Corning, NY". The Leader. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  13. Zremski, Jerry (September 3, 2013). "Reed admits error in using campaign funds to pay Steuben County tax bill". Buffalo News. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  14. Seligman, Lara (August 29, 2013). "Lawmaker paid property taxes with campaign funds". The Hill. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "New York's 23rd Congressional District elections, 2014". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
  16. Simpson, Amy (April 21, 2016). "No Primary Opponent For Tom Reed". My Twin Tiers. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  17. Roby, John (November 9, 2016). "US CONGRESS: Reed wins re-election". Star Gazette. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  18. Miller, Rick (August 30, 2016). "Reed not concerned with fallout from Trump endorsement". Olean Times Herald. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  20. "Congressman Tom Reed Criticized For Endorsing Donald Trump", Cornell Sun, March 17, 2016, Accessed August 16, 2016]
  21. "Reed maintains Trump support", The Leader (Corning, NY), August 8, 2016, Accessed August 16, 2016
  22. "Congressman Tom Reed Appointed To Judiciary Subcommittees | Congressman Tom Reed". 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  23. "Critz: Marcellus Shale Caucus Holds Organizational Meeting – Public Statements – Project Vote Smart". 2011-04-01. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  24. 1 2 "News Items | House Committee on Rules". 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  25. Archived March 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. "Rep. Reed to be next Ways and Means Committee member". TheHill. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  27. "CONGRESSMAN TOM REED NAMED TO COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS; Becomes only New York Republican on tax policy and trade committee | Congressman Tom Reed". 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  28. Chris Moody (2011-04-18). "Congressman wants ticking debt clock installed on House floor". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
  29. Zremski, Jerry (June 18, 2012). Reed leads campaign against waste. The Buffalo News. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  30. Reed Votes For Extending Tax Breaks. WLEA (2010-12-17). Retrieved 2010-12-17.
  31. Sherwood, Julie (2011-01-20). Reed tells why he voted to repeal health care law. Messenger-Post Newspapers. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  32. "Reed to introduce bill to support welfare recipients", The Ripon Advance, 08-26-2013. (Retrieved 09-03-2013).
  33. "H.R.1947 – 113th Congress (2013-2014): Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 | | Library of Congress". Retrieved 2015-03-09.
  34. 1 2 "CBO – H.R. 2996". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  35. "H.R. 2996 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  36. Harrison, Julie (25 September 2013). "Reed introduces the Pay Our Veterans and Seniors First Act". The Ripon Advance. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  37. "REP. REED WANTS VETERANS, SENIORS PROTECTED IF SHUTDOWN OCCURS (press release)". Office of U.S. Congressman Tom Reed. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  38. “Bill aims to enhance cancer research, end cancer by 2020”. Ripon Advance. 2014-02-17 (Retrieved 2014-02-24)
  39. Progress. Cancer Mission 2020 ( (2013). Retrieved 2014-02-14
  40. Clinical Trial Cancer Mission 2020 Act (H.R. 2301). (2014). Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  41. “Rep. Tom Reed, Camp Good Days team up to strengthen cancer research reporting requirements” (Press release). Congressman Tom Reed. 2013-06-03 (Retrieved 2014-02-24)
  42. "H.R.4719 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  43. "CBO – H.R. 4719". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  44. Meyer, Kellie (27 May 2014). "Reed Fighting Hunger Incentive Act". WENY. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  45. "Rep. Tom Reed (R-N.Y.)". Congressional Quarterly. Roll Call. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  46. Frates, Chris (April 15, 2014). "Tax-writing lawmakers' tax issues -- do as I say...". CNN. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eric Massa
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 29th congressional district

November 18, 2010  present
Succeeded by
District eliminated after the 2010 census
Preceded by
Bill Owens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd congressional district

January 3, 2013  present
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Tom Graves
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Marlin Stutzman
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