Early morning sun lights up the fall colors down Market Street in Hermann, Missouri
Location of Hermann, Missouri
|Coordinates: 38°41′57″N 91°26′21″W / 38.69917°N 91.43917°WCoordinates: 38°41′57″N 91°26′21″W / 38.69917°N 91.43917°W|
|• Mayor||Robert Koerber|
|• Administrator||Mark Wallace|
|• Total||2.71 sq mi (7.02 km2)|
|• Land||2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)|
|• Water||0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)|
|Elevation||531 ft (162 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,393|
|• Density||960.9/sq mi (371.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0719397|
Hermann is a city designated in 1842 as the county seat of Gasconade County, Missouri, United States. It is near the center of the Missouri Rhineland and south of the Missouri River. The population was 2,431 at the 2010 census.
The city is the commercial center of the Hermann American Viticultural Area, whose seven wineries produce about one-third of the state's wine. Designated in 1983, it is one of the first federally recognized American Viticultural Areas. The designation recognized the renaissance of an area of vineyards and wineries established by German immigrants during the mid-19th century. Shut down by Prohibition, it began to revive in the 1960s.
The city was founded by the Deutsche Ansiedlungs-Gesellschaft zu Philadelphia (German Settlement Society of Philadelphia) in 1837. It was promoted by Gottfried Duden, who wrote about the area in his Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nord Amerikas (Report of a Journey to the Western States of Northern America). An early group of settlers were led by George Bayer and Edward Hermann, who bought the land and is considered by many to be the founder of the town. The town was platted after the society sold shares in the 11,300 acres (4,600 ha) of Gasconade River valley land it had purchased.
The society had almost utopian goals of a "heart of German-America" where it could perpetuate traditional German culture and establish a self-supporting colony built around farming, commerce, and industry. The town is named after Hermann der Cherusker, a Germanic leader who defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in the year 9. In 2009, Hermann celebrated the 2000th anniversary of the battle, in which the Germanic warrior Hermann defeated three Roman legions.
In the 1960s, people began to rebuild the wine industry in the Hermann area.
Today, the vineyards and wineries contribute to the agricultural and heritage tourism economies, with winery tours and wine tastings. Stone Hill Winery, the largest winemaking business in the state, and Hermannhof Winery are in the town. Two miles south of town off Missouri Highway 100 West is Adam Puchta Winery, the oldest continuously family-owned winery in the nation, under direct family ownership since 1855. Bias Vineyards is less than eight miles (13 km) east near Berger on Missouri Highway 100. Also included in the Hermann AVA are Oakglenn Vineyards and Winery, 2½ miles east of Hermann; Bommarito Estate Almond Tree Winery; and Röbbler Vineyards and Winery near New Haven.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,431 people, 1,047 households, and 614 families residing in the city. The population density was 960.9 inhabitants per square mile (371.0/km2). There were 1,291 housing units at an average density of 510.3 per square mile (197.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 1,047 households of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 44.9 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,674 people, 1,149 households, and 698 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,161.5 people per square mile (448.9/km²). There were 1,285 housing units at an average density of 558.2 per square mile (215.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.80% White, 0.22% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.
There were 1,149 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,634, and the median income for a family was $44,621. Males had a median income of $27,426 versus $20,372 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,428. About 5.0% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents
- Brock Olivo, former Missouri Tigers, Detroit Lions football player and Republican candidate for Missouri 9th congressional district in 2008.
- Ken Boyer, former St. Louis Cardinals third baseman and manager.
- Richard Honeck, arsonist and murderer, was paroled after serving 64 years of his life sentence. He had served the longest jail term that terminated in the prisoner's release.
- Charles D. Eitzen, former Mayor of Hermann and member of the town board.
- John Berkemeyer: lawyer, served four terms as Gasconade County Judge.
- Joe Hoerner, former Major League Baseball pitcher.
- Nathaniel Rateliff, singer and songwriter.
- Mike Trim, TV News Anchor and Reporter, http://www.wptv.com/about-us/mike-trim
- Jack Clark St Louis Cardinals
- Hermann City Government
- City Government Officials - City of Hermann, Missouri
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Official Wurstfest page
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 169.
- MacGregor, Neil (2014). Germany. BBC. p. 128.
- "Partnerstadt Hermann grüßt Bad Arolsen mit Arminius aus Bronze". Waldeckische Landeszeitung Frankenberger Zeitung. December 22, 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- Adam Puchta Winery, accessed 20 Jun 2008
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Journal, Missouri Constitutional Convention of 1875, vol. 1, published by State Historical Society of Missouri, 1920
|Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article Hermann.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hermann.|
- Official City Government Website
- Official Visitors Website
- Hermann Area Chamber of Commerce
- School district
- Hermann Advertiser-Courier (newspaper)
- Historic maps of Hermann in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri Digital Library