This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Jhabua District.

Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Jhabua
Elevation 318 m (1,043 ft)
Population (2001)
  Total 30,577
  Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.jhabua.nic.in

Jhabua (Hindi: झाबुआ) is a town and a municipality in Jhabua district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District.


Jhabua Princely State

Main article: Jhabua State

Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj's Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,776 square miles (4,600 km2). The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty. [1]

The ancestor of the family was Rao Bar Singh a.k.a. the Birji, fifth son of Rao Jodh of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.

Raja Kesho Das was first Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil chiefs of Jhabua who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. The names of the rulers are:[2]

Name Year
Karan Singh 1607-1610
Mah Singh 1610-1677
Kushal Singh 1677-1723
Anup Singh 1723-1727
Sheo Singh 1727-1758
Bahadur Singh 1758-1770
Bhim Singh 1770-1821
Pratap Singh 1821-1832
Ratan Singh 1832-1840
Gopal Singh 1841-1895
Udai Singh 1895 - 1942
Dilip Singh (titular post independence) 1942-1965
Ajit Singh (titular) 1965-2002
Narendra Singh (titular) 2002–present


After India's independence in 1947, its rulers acceded to India, and Jhabua became a part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

Bhabhara which was once part of the Jhabua district, is the place where Chandrasekhar Azad, the freedom fighter spent his early life when his father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in the erstwhile estate of Alirajpur. But, when Alirajpur district (which was once the part of Jhabua district) got separated from Jhabua, Bhabhra became the part of Alirajpur district.


Jhabua has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet).[3] Jhabua is located at the bottom right side of MP,mainly towards Gujarat.


As of 2001 India census,[4] Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. As per 2011 census, Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 44%. Male literacy is at 54% and female literacy is 34%. In Jhabua, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.[5]

Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as "White Gold". There are many interesting places in Jhabua Thasil.

Educational status of Jhabua

Development is seen in Jhabua in past 10-15 years. Now it has become a good and transformed town from the earlier 'tribal' jhabua. There is one government college SCAMV which imparts post graduate education. Some of the top English schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, New Catholic Mission School, Jain Public School,Sharda Vidhya Mandir, Keshav International School, Indore Public School,Oxford Eminent Academy School etc.

This is the building of The new catholic mission school,Jhabua

The Jhabua has developed with awareness about cleanliness and education.It has given employment to people residing in nearby villages.The image of jhabua has changed,it is now no more tribal at all, however the main people of jhabua 'Adivasi' are also studying in good schools to gain knowledge.


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