Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
|Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°ECoordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E|
|Elevation||318 m (1,043 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jhabua Princely State
Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj's Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,776 square miles (4,600 km2). The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty.
The ancestor of the family was Rao Bar Singh a.k.a. the Birji, fifth son of Rao Jodh of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.
Raja Kesho Das was first Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil chiefs of Jhabua who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. The names of the rulers are:
|Udai Singh||1895 - 1942|
|Dilip Singh (titular post independence)||1942-1965|
|Ajit Singh (titular)||1965-2002|
|Narendra Singh (titular)||2002–present|
After India's independence in 1947, its rulers acceded to India, and Jhabua became a part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.
Bhabhara which was once part of the Jhabua district, is the place where Chandrasekhar Azad, the freedom fighter spent his early life when his father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in the erstwhile estate of Alirajpur. But, when Alirajpur district (which was once the part of Jhabua district) got separated from Jhabua, Bhabhra became the part of Alirajpur district.
As of 2001 India census, Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. As per 2011 census, Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 44%. Male literacy is at 54% and female literacy is 34%. In Jhabua, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as "White Gold". There are many interesting places in Jhabua Thasil.
Educational status of Jhabua
Development is seen in Jhabua in past 10-15 years. Now it has become a good and transformed town from the earlier 'tribal' jhabua. There is one government college SCAMV which imparts post graduate education. Some of the top English schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, New Catholic Mission School, Jain Public School,Sharda Vidhya Mandir, Keshav International School, Indore Public School,Oxford Eminent Academy School etc.
The Jhabua has developed with awareness about cleanliness and education.It has given employment to people residing in nearby villages.The image of jhabua has changed,it is now no more tribal at all, however the main people of jhabua 'Adivasi' are also studying in good schools to gain knowledge.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jhabua
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Profile of Jhabua District" (PDF).
- "Jhabua". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). 1911.
- "With the Poor Still Starving, India Rethinks Safety Net". The New York Times.