Canadian Americans

This article is about Americans of Canadian origin. For Canadians of American origin, see American Canadian.
Canadian American
Total population
0.33% of the American population)
Regions with significant populations
English (AmericanCanadian)
French (AcadianCanadianNew England)
Roman CatholicismProtestantism • Other
Related ethnic groups
Americans, American Canadians, Canadians, French Americans, French Canadians, British Americans, English Canadians, British, French
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Canadian Americans are American citizens or nationals who were born in and/or largely grew up in Canada, but later moved into the United States. It can also be used to refer to American-born citizens who either have parents who immigrated from Canada or have significant Canadian ancestry and/or identity. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives or were educated in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.[1]

The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English.[2] French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate.[3] However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore.[4] This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930.[5] Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.

This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist.[6] According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000.[7] Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.[8]

Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).[9]

Americans of Canadian descent

Born in/lived in Canada, with American citizenship

American cities founded by or named after Canadians

Canadian American Day

The Connecticut State Senate unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry.[55]

Aboriginal Canadian Americans

As a consequence of Article 3 of the Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border.[56]


Some institutions in the United States focus on Canadian-American studies, including the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine,[57] the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University,[58] and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee.[59]

See also


  1. Mark Paul Richard, "From 'Canadien' to American: The Acculturation of French-Canadian Descendants in Lewiston, Maine, 1860 to the Present", PhD dissertation Duke U. 2002; Dissertation Abstracts International, 2002 62(10): 3540-A. DA3031009, 583p.
  2. "Veta: Good vocabulary - Accent training online - American Accent".
  3. l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423-453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
  4. Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups,Stephan Thernstorm, Harvard College, 1980, p 392
  5. l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
  6. "Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian"". This American Life. Chicago Public Radio. May 30, 1997.
  7. "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  8. Stewart, Alice R. (1987), "The Franco-Americans of Maine: A Historiographical Essay", Maine Historical Society Quarterly, 26 (3): 160–179
  9. "Snowbird RV Parks". Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  10. Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
  11. "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  12. "".
  13. Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
  14. "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  15. Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  16. "Ancestry of Frances Ether Gumm ('Judy Garland')".
  17. "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  18. "Ancestry of Mike Gravel".
  19. "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  20. Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
  21. "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  22. "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  23. Biography for Grace Metalious at the Internet Movie Database
  24. LeBrun, Pierre (2009-12-09). "'The Big Easy' is here to stay in Buffalo". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
  25. "Rudy Vallee". Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  26. Biography for Mark Wahlberg at the Internet Movie Database
  27. "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
  28. "Paul Anka". July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  29. "Jason Jones, Samantha Bee 'share' Daily Show chair". Canadian Crossing. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  30. "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  31. "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  32. Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
  33. "Toronto News: Frank Gehry's childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  34. 1 2 Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
  35. 1 2 "An open letter to Shawn Michaels". Slam Wrestling. May 17, 1997.
  36. Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
  37. "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  38. Pergament, Alan (October 5, 2014). ‘I feel like an American,’ Jeanneret says, as he gets cancer treatment here. The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 5, 2014. “Jeanneret received his first radiation and chemotherapy treatments July 23, which also happened to be his 72nd birthday.”
  39. Beverly Fink Cline (1979). The Lombardo Story. Musson Book Co.
  40. "Canada's Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  41. "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  42. "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
  43. "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  44. Top 100
  45. Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
  46. Jack Scott Biography by Bill Dahl
  47. "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  48. I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
  49. Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
  50. "Hank Snow".
  51. "Tara Strong Reddit AMA - February 2014". Interviewly. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  52. Woo, Elaine (2015-09-19). "Daniel Thompson, Inventor Of The Bagel Machine, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  53. "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  54. "Chandler, Alexander J. (A.J.)". ChandlerpediA. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  55. Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
  57. "Canadian-American Center". March 31, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  58. Canadian American Studies at WWU
  59. "Canadian American Studies Committee, University at Buffalo".

Further reading

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/26/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.