Location in Tamil Nadu, India
|Coordinates: 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°ECoordinates: 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E|
|• Type||Selection Grade Municipality|
|• Body||Arni Municipality|
|Elevation||151 m (495 ft)|
|• Rank||2nd in Tiruvannamalai disrtrict|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Arni is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The name comes from the word araneeyam which means a place surrounded by a forest. As of 2011, the town had a population of 63,671 and it is the 2nd largest town in the district after Thiruvannamalai.
Arni is located at 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E on the banks of the Kamandala Naaga river. It has an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).
The city is well connected through various well formed roads, the state highways SH-4 (Arcot – Arni – Gingee – Villupuram Road), SH-132 (Vellore – Arni Road),Arni-Tiruvannamali Road are the major roads connecting Arni. The nearest railway station is "Arni Road" located at Kalambur, which is 8 km from the town.
A bypass road works has been completed outside Arni to connect, Chennai (Arcot) Road to Vellore Road and Thiruvannamalai Road. Train tracks laying is in process to connect the town via trains, the train track is laid as part of Nagari to Tindivanam route announcement by central government. As well, Arni already have a station called "Arni Road" station at Kalambur on the Vellore – Villupuram route. This track suppose to come near Arni Saidapet, since due to a stay order from the Court by a bus owning company, the station had been shifted to Kalambur.
According to 2011 census, Arni town with 33 wards had a population of 63,671 with a sex-ratio of 1,036 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929, but extended town including all the sub urban area had a population of 92,375. A total of 6,346 were under the age of six, constituting 3,200 males and 3,146 females. The average literacy of the town was 76.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 14889 households. There were a total of 23,298 workers, comprising 153 cultivators, 343 main agricultural labourers, 2,185 in house hold industries, 17,919 other workers, 2,698 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 100 marginal agricultural labourers, 224 marginal workers in household industries and 2,341 other marginal workers. As per the religious census of 2011, Arani (M) had 89.16% Hindus, 7.39% Muslims, 1.8% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 1.43% Jains, 0.19% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.
- Hypothesis #1
In olden days Arni was called Aranyam. Aar means Athi tree; such trees once covered the region. In the north of Arni, there was a river, the Kamandala Naga river. These trees and river looked like an ornament; hence the name Arni.
- Hypothesis #2
The river Kamandala Naga Nathi flows in one side and the Tatchur river flows in other side as ornament (In Tamil literature ornament means "Ani") so Aaru(River) is making Ani(Ornament) hence the name Arani.
- Hypothesis #3
In Sanskrit Aranyam means 'Forest'. Hence, Derived from Aranyam.
- Hypothesis #4
In Tamil, Aaru means 'Six', Ani means 'Beauty'. So, the place had 6 type of beauties around it such as 1. Green Fields (Cultivation lands), 2. Water (Kamandala Naganathi (river)), 3. Mountains, 4. Forests, 5.Water falls & 6. A fort. Hence called Arani, the place of six beautiful entities of nature and the country.
During the rule of the Vijayanagara Kingdom in Arni, the Dasara function was celebrated grandly. In 1640 jagir of Arani was granted to Vedaji Bhaskar Pant a Marathi bramhin. The jagir continued to be headed by the descendents of Bhaskar Pant till the Zamindari Abolition Bill was passed in 1948.
Poosi Malai Kuppam is 12 kilometres (7 mi) away from Arni. Thirumalai Saheb built a sophisticated bungalow for his lover, an Anglo-Indian lady, there. During the Nawab period, there was a struggle between the British, French and Nawab Hyder Ali. The victorious British captured Arni. There is also a palace near the town, now used by the Agriculture Department.
The town was used by Arcot nawabs for their military training campus. The famous 18th-century Marathi poet, author of the very beautiful poem "Nal-Damayanti Swayamvarakhyana" (the story of swayamvara of Nal & Damayanti) Raghunath Pandit is believed to have lived here.
Arni and the Congress Movement
The Congress movement in Arni was started by M. V. Subramania Sasthriar, S.A. Allala sundaram Mudaliyar, Y. N. Govindaraju Chettiar, Dr V Hariharan and others. In 1932 and 1934 Mahatma Gandhi went to Arni twice, to attend a meeting for Harijan development. These people welcomed Gandhiji, and took part in the Simon Commission movement.
Battle of Arnee
The Battle of Arnee (or Battle of Arni) took place at Arni, India on 3 December 1751 during the Second Carnatic War. A British-led force under the command of Robert Clive defeated and routed a much larger Franco-Indian force under the command of Raza Sahib. The French troops were guarding a convoy of treasure. Clive took up a position in swampy ground, crossed by a causeway in which the convoy was forced to pass. The French were thrown into disorder and forced to retreat, but night saved them from total destruction. The treasure, however, was captured. Col.Robert Kelly fell at the Battle of Arnee.
There is a fort area in the heart of the town which is surrounded by agazhi called in Tamil. Fort area houses forest department, sub jail, registration office, police station, women police station, agricultural office, there is a parade ground within the fort area. Parade ground has a monument at the center in the memory of late Col. Robert Kelly. Govt. Boys High School, Govt. Girls High School and Subramaniya Sastri High School are located within the fort area. Kailayanathar temple and Vembuli amman temple are very famous.
The town also has a large community of silk weaver who specialize in making silk sarees. Hand looms are most frequently used for the weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods such as Power looms. Arni is the number one in revenue earning in Tiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu. Though the town is not well known outside Tamil Nadu, a bulk of India's silk apparels is produced by the people of Arni. The Arni gold is also very valuable in gold market.
The town is well known for Rice and Silk in Tamil Nadu, Majority of the population in and around the town are depending on Agricultural and Weaving related occupation. The revenues of the town are the major contribution to the revenues of the district. There are more than 250 Rice mills with in the town limit and stands second in the state to produce rice next to Thanjavur region.
- The Vembuli Amman (வேம்புலி அம்மன்) Festival is a grand carnival in the town of Aarani. It takes place once in a year in the month of August. Nearly one lakh people gather at the temple on this festive occasion.
- Shri Puthra Kamateeswara Thirukoil witnesses a massive crowd during Kaanum Pongal (காணும் பொங்கல்)
- The Sri LakshmiNarasingaperumal Festival is grand carnival in the town of Nadaga salaipettai st, Saidai, ARNI
- The Sundhara Vinayagar Thirukovil resides in Arnipalayam, Arani. For every Ganesh Chadhurthi, the village peoples will organized a three days grand function including Annadhanam, orchestra etc... The people who migrate from this place will come with their friends and relatives and gather at this places for this auspicious function.
- The Muthu Mariyamman thirukovil which is newly reconstructed on 2010 in Velappadi.. There is a grand festival is celebrated in velappadi village on every April month. More than thousands of peoples will gather on that day. All the families will engage with their friends, relatives and will have more enjoyment on this special occasion.
- The Venkatesan Patti (around 10 km from Arni) is famous for the Baba, Hanuman and Mariamman temple. Every Thursday people gather here for Baba Arthi. The Hanuman Temple and Baba Temple was constructed by R. Subramanian Advocate in the year 2010 and 2011 respectively. The Baba here resembles Shiridi Baba. The children from the nearby schools too will participate in the Arthi. After demise of R. Subramanian, a memorial was established in Venkatesan Patti as a dedication to him by his families and friends.
- The famous Mysore Maharaja Maligai(Jagiri Maligai) at S.V. Nagaram is located 5 km from the Arani Town.
- The famous Valapandal Pachaiamman Koil Temple which is 10 km from the Arani Town and 8 km from the Paiyyur tank and Ramakrishna pettai (The Eastern part of Arni).
- The famous Muthu Mariyamman thirukovil (around 12 km) at Kasthambadi Village. Every year seven days festival on every Tuesdays in a grand manner from July to August (i.e. in Tamil month Aadi).
- The famous padaivedumariyamman koil in is also near to arni
- The famous Pungathaman temple in Nesal near Arani (around 5 km)
- the famous ellaiamman temple in adayaapulam near arani (around 6;km)
- the most famous on two sivan temple in adayapulam near arni(around 6;km)
Arani is one of the 234 MLA constituency in Tamil Nadu, Arani is a Lok Sabha (Parliament of India) constituency in Tamil Nadu. It was created during the 2008 assembly delimitation from the former Vandavasi constituency Arani (Lok Sabha constituency). Arni assembly constituency was once a part of the Vellore Lok Sabha Constituency.
Sri Kailasanathar temple / bhuminarther temple at saidapet
Arahanthgiri Jain Math
Arahanthgiri Jain Math is a Jain Math that was established at the ancient Jain site of Tiruvannaamalai in August, 1998. The complex includes 3 Jain caves, 4 Jain temples and a 16 meter high sculpture of Neminatha thought to date from the 12th century that is the tallest Jain image in Tamil Nadu.
This temple is located 2 km from the old bus terminus within the town limits. this temple is majorly visited by the devotees of childless couples on KANUM PONGAL (one of the most important celebration of Tamilians - PONGAL).
There is a village called Adayapulam (To settle) which exists 8 km towards north, where a great saint APPAYA DHEETCHIDAR lived, who made himself to semi-unconscious state of mind for several years to understand the concepts of karma and athma.
Subramania Sasthriar Higher Secondary School exists in arani has completed 100 years.(In the Memory of Leader Subramanya Sasthriar)
Anna University College of Engineering Arani
A Constituent College of Anna University Chennai was loomed in the year 2009 by the Government of TamilNadu. It is located in Thatchur, a small emerging area in Arni town, of Thiruvannamalai District. The town is about 35 km from Vellore and 140 km from Chennai.
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- "Falling Rain Genomics – Arani".
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Arani". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Arihantagiri – Tirumalai". Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "College Website". University College of Engineering Arni.