Arni, Tiruvannamalai

This article is about a town and municipality in Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu. For a suburb of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, see Arani, Chennai.
For other uses, see Arani (disambiguation).
Arani, Aarani

Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28Coordinates: 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tiruvannamalai
  Type Selection Grade Municipality
  Body Arni Municipality
Elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Population (2011)
  Town 63,679
  Rank 2nd in Tiruvannamalai disrtrict
  Metro 1,05,977
  Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 632301
Telephone code 04173
Vehicle registration TN-25Z

Arni is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The name comes from the word araneeyam which means a place surrounded by a forest. As of 2011, the town had a population of 63,671 and it is the 2nd largest town in the district after Thiruvannamalai.


Arni is located at 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28[1] on the banks of the Kamandala Naaga river. It has an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

It is located about 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Vellore and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Thiruvannamalai.

The city is well connected through various well formed roads, the state highways SH-4 (Arcot – Arni – Gingee – Villupuram Road), SH-132 (Vellore – Arni Road),Arni-Tiruvannamali Road are the major roads connecting Arni. The nearest railway station is "Arni Road" located at Kalambur, which is 8 km from the town.

A bypass road works has been completed outside Arni to connect, Chennai (Arcot) Road to Vellore Road and Thiruvannamalai Road. Train tracks laying is in process to connect the town via trains, the train track is laid as part of Nagari to Tindivanam route announcement by central government. As well, Arni already have a station called "Arni Road" station at Kalambur on the Vellore – Villupuram route. This track suppose to come near Arni Saidapet, since due to a stay order from the Court by a bus owning company, the station had been shifted to Kalambur.


Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
No religion
Linguistic census
Linguistic groups Percent(%)

According to 2011 census, Arni town with 33 wards had a population of 63,671 with a sex-ratio of 1,036 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929, but extended town including all the sub urban area had a population of 92,375.[2] A total of 6,346 were under the age of six, constituting 3,200 males and 3,146 females. The average literacy of the town was 76.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The town had a total of 14889 households. There were a total of 23,298 workers, comprising 153 cultivators, 343 main agricultural labourers, 2,185 in house hold industries, 17,919 other workers, 2,698 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 100 marginal agricultural labourers, 224 marginal workers in household industries and 2,341 other marginal workers.[3] As per the religious census of 2011, Arani (M) had 89.16% Hindus, 7.39% Muslims, 1.8% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 1.43% Jains, 0.19% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[4]


Hypothesis #1

In olden days Arni was called Aranyam. Aar means Athi tree; such trees once covered the region. In the north of Arni, there was a river, the Kamandala Naga river. These trees and river looked like an ornament; hence the name Arni.

Hypothesis #2

The river Kamandala Naga Nathi flows in one side and the Tatchur river flows in other side as ornament (In Tamil literature ornament means "Ani") so Aaru(River) is making Ani(Ornament) hence the name Arani.

Hypothesis #3

In Sanskrit Aranyam means 'Forest'. Hence, Derived from Aranyam.

Hypothesis #4

In Tamil, Aaru means 'Six', Ani means 'Beauty'. So, the place had 6 type of beauties around it such as 1. Green Fields (Cultivation lands), 2. Water (Kamandala Naganathi (river)), 3. Mountains, 4. Forests, 5.Water falls & 6. A fort. Hence called Arani, the place of six beautiful entities of nature and the country.


Arni was ruled by the Cholas after they defeated the Pallavas. Some of the important Chola kings who ruled out Arni are Kulothunga Cholan I, Vikrama Cholan, and Kulothunga Cholan II.

During the rule of the Vijayanagara Kingdom in Arni, the Dasara function was celebrated grandly. In 1640 jagir of Arani was granted to Vedaji Bhaskar Pant a Marathi bramhin. The jagir continued to be headed by the descendents of Bhaskar Pant till the Zamindari Abolition Bill was passed in 1948.

Poosi Malai Kuppam is 12 kilometres (7 mi) away from Arni. Thirumalai Saheb built a sophisticated bungalow for his lover, an Anglo-Indian lady, there. During the Nawab period, there was a struggle between the British, French and Nawab Hyder Ali. The victorious British captured Arni. There is also a palace near the town, now used by the Agriculture Department.

The town was used by Arcot nawabs for their military training campus. The famous 18th-century Marathi poet, author of the very beautiful poem "Nal-Damayanti Swayamvarakhyana" (the story of swayamvara of Nal & Damayanti) Raghunath Pandit is believed to have lived here.

The tomb situated in the heart of city for Sir. Ensign Robert Kelly who was a surveying Arni area, a colonel by then, died in September 1790.

Arni and the Congress Movement

The Congress movement in Arni was started by M. V. Subramania Sasthriar, S.A. Allala sundaram Mudaliyar, Y. N. Govindaraju Chettiar, Dr V Hariharan and others. In 1932 and 1934 Mahatma Gandhi went to Arni twice, to attend a meeting for Harijan development. These people welcomed Gandhiji, and took part in the Simon Commission movement.

Battle of Arnee

The Battle of Arnee (or Battle of Arni) took place at Arni, India on 3 December 1751 during the Second Carnatic War. A British-led force under the command of Robert Clive defeated and routed a much larger Franco-Indian force under the command of Raza Sahib.[1] The French troops were guarding a convoy of treasure. Clive took up a position in swampy ground, crossed by a causeway in which the convoy was forced to pass. The French were thrown into disorder and forced to retreat, but night saved them from total destruction. The treasure, however, was captured. Col.Robert Kelly fell at the Battle of Arnee.


There is a fort area in the heart of the town which is surrounded by agazhi called in Tamil. Fort area houses forest department, sub jail, registration office, police station, women police station, agricultural office, there is a parade ground within the fort area. Parade ground has a monument at the center in the memory of late Col. Robert Kelly. Govt. Boys High School, Govt. Girls High School and Subramaniya Sastri High School are located within the fort area. Kailayanathar temple and Vembuli amman temple are very famous.

The town also has a large community of silk weaver who specialize in making silk sarees. Hand looms are most frequently used for the weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods such as Power looms. Arni is the number one in revenue earning in Tiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu. Though the town is not well known outside Tamil Nadu, a bulk of India's silk apparels is produced by the people of Arni. The Arni gold is also very valuable in gold market.


The town is well known for Rice and Silk in Tamil Nadu, Majority of the population in and around the town are depending on Agricultural and Weaving related occupation. The revenues of the town are the major contribution to the revenues of the district. There are more than 250 Rice mills with in the town limit and stands second in the state to produce rice next to Thanjavur region.



Arani is one of the 234 MLA constituency in Tamil Nadu, Arani is a Lok Sabha (Parliament of India) constituency in Tamil Nadu. It was created during the 2008 assembly delimitation from the former Vandavasi constituency Arani (Lok Sabha constituency). Arni assembly constituency was once a part of the Vellore Lok Sabha Constituency.


Sri Kailasanathar temple / bhuminarther temple at saidapet

Arahanthgiri Jain Math

Arahanthgiri Jain Math is a Jain Math that was established at the ancient Jain site of Tiruvannaamalai in August, 1998.[5] The complex includes 3 Jain caves, 4 Jain temples and a 16 meter high sculpture of Neminatha thought to date from the 12th century that is the tallest Jain image in Tamil Nadu.

Puthirakamateeswarar Temple

This temple is located 2 km from the old bus terminus within the town limits. this temple is majorly visited by the devotees of childless couples on KANUM PONGAL (one of the most important celebration of Tamilians - PONGAL).


There is a village called Adayapulam (To settle) which exists 8 km towards north, where a great saint APPAYA DHEETCHIDAR lived, who made himself to semi-unconscious state of mind for several years to understand the concepts of karma and athma.



Subramania Sasthriar Higher Secondary School exists in arani has completed 100 years.(In the Memory of Leader Subramanya Sasthriar)


Anna University College of Engineering Arani

Anna University has its University College of Engineering Arani in Arani,[6]

A Constituent College of Anna University Chennai was loomed in the year 2009 by the Government of TamilNadu. It is located in Thatchur, a small emerging area in Arni town, of Thiruvannamalai District. The town is about 35 km from Vellore and 140 km from Chennai.

Computer Science and Engineering

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Mechanical Engineering


  1. "Falling Rain Genomics – Arani".
  2. 1 2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Arani". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  5. "Arihantagiri – Tirumalai". Retrieved April 10, 2012.
  6. "College Website". University College of Engineering Arni.

External links

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