Spencer County, Kentucky

Spencer County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Spencer County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Spier Spencer
Seat Taylorsville
Largest city Taylorsville
  Total 192 sq mi (497 km2)
  Land 187 sq mi (484 km2)
  Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 2.6%
  (2010) 17,061
  Density 91/sq mi (35/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.spencercountyky.gov

Spencer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,061.[1] Its county seat is Taylorsville.[2] The county was founded in 1824[3] and named for Spier Spencer.

Spencer County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KYIN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Taylorsville Lake, located primarily within Spencer County, serves as a major economic resource for the area. Spencer was a dry county until 2009 when the county's residents voted to overturn the ban on alcohol sales. From 2000 to 2005, Spencer County ranked 19th out of all U.S. counties in percent growth, with a 33% increase.[4]


Spencer County was formed in January 1824, by the 32nd Kentucky General Assembly. The land that now makes up Spencer County was taken from Bullitt County, Shelby County, and Nelson County. Spencer County became Kentucky's 77th county. The county was named for Kentucky's Captain Spier Spencer, who fought and died in the Battle of Tippecanoe.[5]

Later that year, in December 1824, Taylorsville was made the county seat. In 1829, the city was incorporated.[6]

During the American Civil War, the courthouse at Taylorsville was burned by Confederate guerrillas in January 1865, but the county's records were saved.[7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 192 square miles (500 km2), of which 187 square miles (480 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (2.6%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties

Major highways


Graph of Spencer County population by Census
Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201517,894[9]4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 11,766 people, 4,251 households, and 3,358 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 per square mile (24/km2). There were 4,555 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.50% White, 1.13% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,251 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.90% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.00% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,042, and the median income for a family was $52,038. Males had a median income of $36,638 versus $24,196 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,848. About 7.70% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.


The Spencer County Public Schools comprises six schools: Spencer County High School, Spencer County Middle School, Spencer County Elementary School, Taylorsville Elementary School, Hillview Academy, and Spencer County Preschool.[15]


See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. http://www.kyenc.org/entry/s/SPENC02.html
  4. U.S. Census Bureau
  5. The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37.
  6. Spencer County History
  7. KY:Historical Society - Historical Marker Database - Search for Markers
  8. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  9. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  10. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  12. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. "Our Schools". Spencer County Public Schools. Retrieved August 9, 2015.

Coordinates: 38°02′N 85°19′W / 38.03°N 85.32°W / 38.03; -85.32

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